Dwight D. Eisenhower

IKE

Presidential Election of 1952


Republican: Dwight D. Eisenhower: War Hero from World War 2

  • Vice President: Richard Nixon (California Senator)
Democratic: Adlai E. Stevenson: Governor of Illinois
  • Vice President: John Sparkman (Alabama Senator)
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Election of 1956

Republican: Dwight D. Eisenhower(Former President)
  • Richard Nixon

Democratic: Adlai E. Stevenson

  • Estes Kafauver
  • Americans still liked Ike, the genial general.
  • Time of peace; there was no need for a change in power
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The Cold War

  • Described as the growing tension that was growing after WWII.
  • Competition between the US and the USSR and their respective allies in NATO and the Warsaw Pact

Key Events

  • Eisenhower took a 3-day trip to Korea in hopes to establish peace between the two Koreas.
  • Warsaw Pact was signed in 1955
  • Suez Crisis erupts in 1956
  • Announcement of the Eisenhower Doctrine: Meant to provide financial assistance to free nations under communists threats.
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Senator Joseph McCarthy

  • Avid anti-communist leader from Wisconsin
  • Accused Senator Dean Acheson of hiring communist workers, but failed to bring names into the light
  • Known for his loud rhetoric and finding the "red hands" in the democratic party
  • Foreign Services plummeted because McCarthy accused many people as communist sympathizers
  • Went too far when he attacked the US Military.

Desegregation of the South

Little Rock Crisis
  • Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas, mobilized National guard to prevent 9 black student from enrolling in Little Rock High School
  • Eisenhower sent troops to ensure those black student safety while in class

Brown V. Board of Education

  • Kansas 1954
  • Separation in public schools was declared not equal, therefore unconstitutional.
  • Previous doctrine from Plessy V. Ferguson, that stated "separate but equal" was now dead.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

  • Rosa Parks sat on the white section of the bus and was arrested
  • Led to a yearlong boycott by African Americans against segregation
  • Sparked an interest in Martin Luther King Jr.

Civil Rights Act of 1957

  • Introduced by Eisenhower and was the first civil rights act since reconstruction
  • Introduced a Civil Rights section to the Justice Department
  • Allowed federal prosecutors to receive court injunctions against the interference of the right to vote

Eisenhower's Republicanism Policies

"Dynamic Conservation"

Balance the Federal Budget and guard the Republic

Hand over control of offshore oil fields from the federal government to state

Operation Wetback:Apprehended and returned Mexicans in 1954

Cancel the Indian New Deal and attempt assimilation

  • Failed and abandoned in 1961

Interstate Highway Act

Eisenhower's Republicanism Policies

"Dynamic Conservation"

Balance the Federal Budget and guard the Republic

Hand over control of offshore oil fields from the federal government to state

Operation Wetback:Apprehended and returned Mexicans in 1954

Cancel the Indian New Deal and attempt assimilation

  • Failed and abandoned in 1961

Interstate Highway Act

Beginning of Vietnam War

Vietnamese leader, Ho Chi Ming, tried to appeal to Wilson to support self-determination, but as US became increasingly anti-communist, he became increasingly communist

France was falling against the guerrilla warfare, even with American support

  • Eisenhower backed a losing horse, but could not call off.

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Space Race with Soviet

Russia launched Sputnik I in 1957, and Sputnik II the following month

Eisenhower established NASA and directed billions to missile development

  • The Vanguard missile blew up in 1957
  • Successfully put a satellite into orbit in 1958

National Defense and Education Act authorized &887 million in loans to needy college students and in grants for improving sciences and languages

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