by Harli Henderson and Sandy Henderson

How Did it Begin and Spread?

Research began in 1981 when a syndrome became presets in mainly homosexual men in Los Angeles. They ran a bunch of tests and it was discovered that HIV was present in the 1960's and was traced back to Haiti, and was even traced back father to Africa.

Patient 0 was the first person to get infected by HIV. He was a Bantu man who was hunting when he killed an infected chimp (chimps were shown to have a similar disease to that of HIV, which is SIV). As he was butchering the chimp, he cut himself leading to the contact of blood from the chimp to him. The hunter could've have given it to anyone he came into close contact with. The city is filled with opportunities for HIV to spread globally.

The first chimp, who infected the first man with HIV, most likely got the disease from eating two different types of monkeys that have their own versions of SIV. The two versions came together and caused the creation of HIV, which thrived and spread and eventually started the AIDS pandemic.

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Impact in Our World

HIV affects every country in the world and continues to grow rapidly in many of them. There are 42 million people in the world today that live with HIV/AIDS. the sub-Saharan part of Africa is the worst affected; three quarters of the 42 million affected live in this region.

This disease can also wreak havoc economically as well. From the GDP of several sub- Saharan African countries, HIV/AIDS subtracts an additional 1% a year because of the continued loss of workers. HIV/AIDS also create higher healthcare costs and destroys health insurance schemes.

Current Treatments

There is no cure for HIV/AIDS at the moment. However, there are treatments. Many people take a combination of medicines called a cocktail. These cocktails strengthen the immune system to keep HIV into developing into AIDS or to help with symptoms. These drug cocktails are very expensive and not everybody can afford them. They do not cure the disease, but can help the people with the disease through the symptoms and much more.

Leukemia and HIV

At the age of 5, Emily Whitehead was diagnosed with leukemia. Chemotherapy wasn't working for her and she kept relapsing. At the children's hospital of Philadelphia, they conducted a new experiment on her. This experimented consisted of tricking her immune system into fighting the cancer cells. They removed millions of T-cells and used the disabled form of HIV to modify the T-cells so that they could attack cancer cells.
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