WWI Battle of the Somme
Adrian De Los Santos
Battle of the Somme
General Douglas Haig was in charge of the battle for the Franco-Brit side. He claimed that the artillery from the attack would destroy the Germans trench system allowing them to kill defenders, and allowing the British soldiers to walk into empty enemy positions.
Other generals in charge during the battle.
- Henry Rawlinson
- Hubert Gough
- Ferdinand Foch
- Emile Fayolle
- Joseph Alfred Michler
- Crown prince Rupprecht of Bavaria
- Max von Gallowitz
- Fritz von Below
Although the affects of the battle were a disaster for the British they did win the battle, but none of the objectives of the battles were met. The idea that the Germans would withdraw troops from Verdun was a loss as the Germans had available reserves. At the end of the battle the British captures a narrow 20 mile strip of land penetrating as deep as 7 miles deep into enemy lines.
Anecdote: This video shows three men and a woman who fought in the war and they tell what they encountered it first hand in the Battle of the Somme. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPT1MKOP8TQ
Many people fought in the battle as many as 2,500,000 men fought for Great Britain and 1,500,000 men fought for the Germans. Casualties were claimed in the battle. 423,000 British, 201,000 French lives were lost, all together 623,000 lives were lost, and as much as 60,000 lives were lost on the first day for the British army. As for Germany they lost 500,000 men.