30 Years War
By: Maddison Ponder, Krista Ortiz, Kenzie Mckillip
1617- Ferdinand Hapsburg becomes king of Bohemia; revokes Letter of Majesty
1618- Defenestration of Prague; Thirty Years’ War begins
1619- Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor; Bohemians crown Frederich Wittelsbach king, deposing Ferdinand
1620- Battle of White Mountain
1629- Edict of Restitution bans Protestantism throughout Holy Roman Empire
1635- France declares war on Spain
1648- Peace of Westphalia; Thirty Years’ War ends
Fredrick V- King of Bohemia after Ferdinand was disposed.
Gustavus Adolphus- King of Sweden, entered war to protect Sweden's interest in the Baltic
The Peace of Westphalia was the foundation of a unified Austrian nation-state, which would soon be the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Hapsburgs would continue to rule Austria into the twentieth century.
The Battle of White Mountain
-Collapse of Bohemian Protestantism
- Victory of Catholicism
Treaty of Westphalia- Primary Source
The Treaty of Westphalia ended the Thirty Years war. It allowed the Holy Roman Empire to be divided into more than 300 states. Switzerland and the Netherlands became independent. The treaty confirmed the Peace of Ausburg that allowed Lutheranism and Calvinism to be recognized religions.