Sri Lanka

Geography,Culture,Government,Economy, and Resources


The landforms in SriLanka include a mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior.  The climate in SriLanka is tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October).  The natural resources include limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower.  Natural disasters in SriLanka includes occasional cyclones and tornadoes.


The nationality is noun: Sri Lankan(s) adjective: Sri Lankan.Also the ethnic group is Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data) its very mixed. The language spoken is Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution. But the religions areBuddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data).


The government type is republic. Chief of state: President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA (executive branch). The legislative branch; unicameral Parliament (225 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of an open-list, proportional representation system by electoral district to serve six-year terms). Also the judicial branch is called the Supreme Court; Court of Appeals; judges for both courts are appointed by the president. The Constitution was adopted 16 August 1978, certified 31 August 1978; amended 20 December 2001. The age they can vote is 18 years old ; universal.


The GDP $59.77 billion (2012 est.). Their products are rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, vegetables, fruit, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, beef; fish. Their industries are processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction. The precent is 8.4% (2012 est.). India 25.6%, China 15.9%, Singapore 7.1%, Iran 6.2%, Japan 5% (2011) are their trade partners. US 19.8%, UK 9.2%, India 6.5%, Italy 5%, Germany 5%, Belgium 4.4% (2011) are the export partners. agriculture: 31.8%industry: 25.8% services: 42.4% (June 2012) are the labor costs. Rupee is the name of the currency.