Sri Lanka

Geography,Culture,Government,Economy, and Resources

GEOGRAPHY

The landforms in SriLanka include a mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior.  The climate in SriLanka is tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October).  The natural resources include limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower.  Natural disasters in SriLanka includes occasional cyclones and tornadoes.

CULTURE

The nationality is noun: Sri Lankan(s) adjective: Sri Lankan.Also the ethnic group is Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data) its very mixed. The language spoken is Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution. But the religions areBuddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data).

GOVERNMENT

The government type is republic. Chief of state: President Mahinda Percy RAJAPAKSA (executive branch). The legislative branch; unicameral Parliament (225 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of an open-list, proportional representation system by electoral district to serve six-year terms). Also the judicial branch is called the Supreme Court; Court of Appeals; judges for both courts are appointed by the president. The Constitution was adopted 16 August 1978, certified 31 August 1978; amended 20 December 2001. The age they can vote is 18 years old ; universal.

ECONOMY

The GDP $59.77 billion (2012 est.). Their products are rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, vegetables, fruit, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, beef; fish. Their industries are processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction. The precent is 8.4% (2012 est.). India 25.6%, China 15.9%, Singapore 7.1%, Iran 6.2%, Japan 5% (2011) are their trade partners. US 19.8%, UK 9.2%, India 6.5%, Italy 5%, Germany 5%, Belgium 4.4% (2011) are the export partners. agriculture: 31.8%industry: 25.8% services: 42.4% (June 2012) are the labor costs. Rupee is the name of the currency.

RESOURCES

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html