The Dangers of Concussions

"When In doubt Sit Out"

The Facts

  • All concussions are extremely serious
  • About 175,000 children are treated in emergency rooms nationwide each year for concussions because of sports-related activities, according to the CDC.
  • Most concussions happen (especially in football) without the loss of consciousness
  • Recognizing the concussion when they first occur can help prevent further injury & even death.

Football and concussions

  • In football one of the most common but overlooked injury is a concussion. Football contributes to more than 47% of all concussions in sports.
  • Concussion is defined as "temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head. The term is also used loosely of the aftereffects such as confusion or temporary incapacity."
  • A concussion occurs when a blow to the head rattles or moves the brain inside the skull against the skull itself causing damage and often times bleeding to the brain.
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What are the effects of concussions on the brain?

A concussion often has the following effects on different parts of the brain:

Frontal Lobe: damage can affect emotion, concentration, and behavior RED

Parietal Lobe: damage can cause numbness YELLOW

Temporal Lobe: damage can cause memory loss and seizures GREEN

Cerebellum: damage can cause impairment of coordination and motor skills BLUE

Many times these effects are very severe and can be long lasting.

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According to an online article by Men's Health "The problem is that concussions are what we call an “invisible” injury. By that, we mean that it has no outward signs and it can’t be seen on conventional brain scans. So, doctors—and patients themselves—need to go on symptoms, which can be subtle. If you’re a coach, for example, it’s hard to get as concerned about an injury you can’t see as one you can see, like a broken ankle."

Signs & Symptoms of a Concussion

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Headache that will not go away
  • Slurred speech
  • One pupil larger than the other
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting

How we can prevent such injuries?

We won't ever be able to get rid of concussions completely but the game of football is a dangerous game and we need to make sure that our players are equipt with the very best protective gear we can give them. Too many times high school and college programs will only have the newer more protective for some of their athletes and the rest are left with the hand-me-down older helmets that don't protect as well.

Our goal is to spread the word about the dangers of concussions so that these schools will prioritize their budgets towards the purchasing of the best helmets for the whole team so that we can try to minimalize the amount of one of the most dangerous injuries in the game of football today

Work Cited

"Truth about Concussions." Web. 9 Dec. 2015. <>.

"Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 8 Dec. 2015. <>.