Ancient Mesopotamia Project


Mesopotamia is located in Southwest Asia between two rivers. The rivers names are the Tigris and Euphrates river. Mesopotamia is a Greek word it means the land between the rivers. There is a Northen and Southern Mesopotamia in Northern Mesopotamia there is seasonal rain and in Southern Mesopotamia the temperature can rise up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit there is also very little rainfall and storms blow in from the Persian Gulf which cools things down. Iraq is Mesopotamia today. Mesopotamia is 6,400 miles away from Elm City, North Carolina.


The civilizations that made Mesopotamia their homes along time ago was the Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittites, Hittites, Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Phoenicians and Persian.

3500-1800 BC Sumerians

The Sumerians was the first town and cities, they farmed large areas of land and powerful city and build larger ziggurats at the center of their cities as temples to their gods. The Sumer invent the first writing in 3300 BC the use picture for words and put them on clay tablets. They also came up with a number system, and the first wheel vehicles and sun dried bricks.

1900 BC the Assyrians

The Assyrians rise to power in northern Mesopotamia. They were one of the major people to live in Mesopotamia doing the ancient times. The Assyrians rose and fell many times throughout history. They were most famous for there fearsome army, because fighting was a part of life. It was how they survived. They were known as cruel and ruthless warriors. They made iron weapons that were stronger than copper.

2340-2125 BC Akkadians

The Akkadians lived in the northern Mesopotamia the had a similar government and culture as the Sumerians, but they spoke a different language.

1800-1530 Amorites

The Amorites gain control over Mesopotamia region, they based their capital in the city of Babylon. The Amorites was called the Old Babylonians.

The requirement of a civilization are cities, writing,religion,political structure,materialistic value, art and intellect and economic structure.

The impotent of Hammurabi was to keep the Mesopotamia in line, and was the first set of laws ever recorded. It was a set of 282 laws.

Law 147 If she has not borne children, her mistress shall sell her / If she have not borne him children, then her mistress may sell her for money.

Law 195 If a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off./ If a son strike his father,his hands shall be hewn off.

Law 4 If he has borne false witness in a civil law case, he shall pay the damages in that suit./ If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of gain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.

Law 12 If the seller has in the meantime died,the buyer shall take from his estate fivefold the value sued for./ If the witnesses be not at hand, then shall the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six months. If his witness have not appeared within the six months, he is an evi-doer, shall bear the fine of the pending case.

Law 14 If a man has stolen a child, he shall be put o death. / If one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.

Gilgamesh was a Sumerian king who ruled over the city of Uruk. He was also known to be the strongest and most powerful. The story was about Gilgamesh and is friend Enkidu that wanted to kill a monster named Humbaba to take over his powers.



1.The farming and agriculture of Mesopotamia had fertile soil but the farming was not easy, because of the little rain. Sometime there was too much rain that cause flooding that destroyed the crops, killed livestock, and washed away homes. The Mesopotamians came up with irrigation away of supplying water to an area of land.

2.Because of the irrigation when it leaves behind salts, it become poisonous for plants.

3. The Mesopotamia ate a variety of foods like fish,wheat,barley and dates were plentiful.


One of the seven wonders were the Hanging Garden it was legendary and it was full of plants and had a house. Cuneiform is a writing that the Sumerians made. The different classes of Mesopotamia is kings, gods, priests, slaves, farmers, upper class and lower.