Ancient Mesopotamia Project
3500-1800 BC Sumerians
The Sumerians was the first town and cities, they farmed large areas of land and powerful city and build larger ziggurats at the center of their cities as temples to their gods. The Sumer invent the first writing in 3300 BC the use picture for words and put them on clay tablets. They also came up with a number system, and the first wheel vehicles and sun dried bricks.
1900 BC the Assyrians
The Assyrians rise to power in northern Mesopotamia. They were one of the major people to live in Mesopotamia doing the ancient times. The Assyrians rose and fell many times throughout history. They were most famous for there fearsome army, because fighting was a part of life. It was how they survived. They were known as cruel and ruthless warriors. They made iron weapons that were stronger than copper.
2340-2125 BC Akkadians
The Akkadians lived in the northern Mesopotamia the had a similar government and culture as the Sumerians, but they spoke a different language.
The Amorites gain control over Mesopotamia region, they based their capital in the city of Babylon. The Amorites was called the Old Babylonians.
The requirement of a civilization are cities, writing,religion,political structure,materialistic value, art and intellect and economic structure.
The impotent of Hammurabi was to keep the Mesopotamia in line, and was the first set of laws ever recorded. It was a set of 282 laws.
Law 147 If she has not borne children, her mistress shall sell her / If she have not borne him children, then her mistress may sell her for money.
Law 195 If a son has struck his father, his hands shall be cut off./ If a son strike his father,his hands shall be hewn off.
Law 4 If he has borne false witness in a civil law case, he shall pay the damages in that suit./ If he satisfy the elders to impose a fine of gain or money, he shall receive the fine that the action produces.
Law 12 If the seller has in the meantime died,the buyer shall take from his estate fivefold the value sued for./ If the witnesses be not at hand, then shall the judge set a limit, at the expiration of six months. If his witness have not appeared within the six months, he is an evi-doer, shall bear the fine of the pending case.
Law 14 If a man has stolen a child, he shall be put o death. / If one steal the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.
Gilgamesh was a Sumerian king who ruled over the city of Uruk. He was also known to be the strongest and most powerful. The story was about Gilgamesh and is friend Enkidu that wanted to kill a monster named Humbaba to take over his powers.
2.Because of the irrigation when it leaves behind salts, it become poisonous for plants.
3. The Mesopotamia ate a variety of foods like fish,wheat,barley and dates were plentiful.
The chariot was important because it help the Hittites army
The wheel was important because it helped them go places.
It was important because it taught them how to write.