Fashion in the 18th century

Do you know what types of fashions had in this century?

Difference between male and female clothing.

Clothing eighteenth century in a painting by Goya. In the eighteenth century stand out as menswear French coats and jackets (coats lower class and rather narrow), the jackets, tight pants to the knee, neck ties instead of the washers, wigs and big hats. Meanwhile, in female garments continues the same style as in the previous century and use blankets head is adopted. They also wore long dresses, big hats and especially women in high society characterized by wearing a brace on his body, which was a way of showing their height, among other things of that era rings were used, and some sometimes long gloves, necklaces and so on.

Difference between different social classes.

The personal obligation of the clergy is to perform all functions relating to education, to religion and applied with their alms to the rescue of hapless. The noble blood consecrates his State defense and assists the sovereign and his council. The last class of the nation, the state can not provide such a distinguished service fulfills its obligation to the tributes, industry and manual labor. Tal, Sire, is the ancient rule of the duties and obligations of your subjects. Although all are equally faithful and submissive, their conditions are not confused and nature of their services is essentially linked to that of its range. "

Fashion in Europe XVIII century

La moda en Europa siglo XVIII

The architecture of the eighteenth century.

The centuries following the Renaissance attended a cyclical process of constant departure and approach of classical ideals. The Baroque, at first, Mannerism power dissatisfaction by classical standards and facilitate the genesis of an unprecedented type of architecture, though often possess formal connections with the past. In the same way that the Baroque represented a reaction to the Renaissance, Neo-Classical, later, will constitute a reaction to the Baroque and the recovery of classical ideals. This period of two centuries, therefore, will be marked by a series of doubts and certainties about the validity of classical ideas.

Baroque Architecture.

  • Baroque Architecture: The Baroque emerged in the European art scene in two very clear contexts during the seventeenth century entrance had the feeling that, with scientific advance represented by the Renaissance Classicism, but would have helped in this progress, was unable to provide all necessary to doubt the man answers. The Universe was no longer the same, the world had expanded and the individual wanted to experience a new kind of contact with the divine and the metaphysical.The lush baroque shapes, elliptical space, definitely anti-Euclidean, were a response to these needs.The second context is the Counter promoted by the Catholic Church. With the advance of Protestantism, the ancient Roman Christian order (which, in a sense, had spurred the advent of the Renaissance world) was being supplanted by new worldviews and new attitudes towards the Sacred. The Church felt the need to reinvent themselves to keep the faithful and saw in the promotion of a new aesthetic opportunity to identify with this new world. Baroque forms were promoted by the institution worldwide (especially in the newly discovered colonies), making it the catholic style, par excellence.
Big image

Neoclassical Architecture.

  • Neoclassical Architecture: In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, Europe attended a technological breakthrough, a direct result of the early days of the Industrial Revolution and the Enlightenment culture. Were discovered new constructive and structural possibilities, so that the old materials (how the stone and wood) became gradually replaced by concrete (and later reinforced concrete) and the metal.In parallel, deeply influenced by the cultural context of the European Enlightenment, the architects of the XVIII century passed to reject the intense religiosity of the previous aesthetics and lush baroque exaggeration. A more rational and objective spatial and formal synthesis was sought, but have not had a clear idea of ​​how to apply new technologies in a new architecture. Inserted in the context of Neoclassicism in the arts, those architects overturn in the architecture for the new times the classic ideal.
Big image

Some inventions of the eighteenth century.

  • The piano is a musical instrument classified as a keyboard instrument and strings percutidas by the traditional classification system, according to the classification of Hornbostel-Sachs is a simple string instrument. The musician who plays the piano called a pianist.It consists of a sounding board, to which has been added a keyboard by which steel strings with felt-covered hammers are struck, the sound. The vibrations are transmitted via the bridges to the soundboard, which amplifies. Is formed by a multi-color strings harp, driven by a percussion mechanism indirectly, to which have been added dampers.
  • The steam engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1750.In the steam the First Industrial Revolution, from the late eighteenth century England and almost mid-nineteenth century, portentously accelerated economic development in many major countries of Western Europe and the United States is based. Only at the interface that elapsed between 1890 and 1930 the steam driven by coal instead let other internal combustion engines: those driven by petroleum hydrocarbons.
  • The parachute was invented by Louis Lenormand in 1783.The parachute is, as its name suggests, a device designed to stop falls through the resistance generated by himself pass through the air, achieving a speed safely and practically constant fall. There is also another type of parachute designed to create a slowing the body to which they are subject. Are mostly used in some aircraft with very high speed landing, where the track does not provide sufficient surface for the vehicle to stop in a conventional manner. It is also used in certain experimental artifacts or famous racing dragsters.