Harry S. Truman

By: Halle Jaggers

His Life

Truman was born to John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman. He spent most of his young days on his family's farm he was interested in music, reading, and history, all encouraged by his mother, with whom he was very close too. He was born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar, Missouri and died on December 26, 1972 (Age 88) in Kansas City, Missouri. His resting place is at The Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum in Independence, Missouri. He was married to Bess Wallace And had a child named Margaret. He was a democratic and a Southern Baptist. He severed in the Missouri National Guard, United States Army, and United States Army Reserve. He was ranked a major and colonel fought in World War I.

Wold War I

Truman had been turned down for appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point, which was his childhood dream, because of poor eyesight. He then enlisted in the Missouri Army National Guard in 1905, serving until 1911. At his induction, his eyesight had been an unacceptable 20/50 in the right eye and 20/400 in the left. The second time he took the test, he passed by secretly memorizing the eye chart. Truman became an officer, and then battery commander in an artillery regiment in France. During a sudden attack by the Germans in the Vosges Mountains, gunners started to run away; Truman got them to obey orders by using profanity that he had "learned while working on the Santa Fe railroad." The battery did not lose a single man. Truman's artillery unit fired some of the last shots of World War I towards the German before the armistice took effect. The war was a experience that brought out Truman's leadership qualities, and his war record made possible his political career in Missouri.

World War II

During the end of World War II he commanded the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs; the first one as warfare on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan and the other ending the war. Which was very effective and ended the war very quick.

Being President

Harry was our 33rd President of the United States. He was in office April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953. The final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945 when Roosevelt dies after months of declining heath. Under Truman, the U.S successfully concluded Would War II. In the aftermath of the conflict, the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War.

Cold War

The cold war was the tension and competition that existed primarily between the United States and the Soviet Union and the countries respective allies from 1945. Truman strongly supported the creation of the United Nations. The Soviet Union's atomic bomb project progressed much faster than had been expected and they exploded their first bomb in August of 1949. In January of 1953 Truman announced the detonation of the first U.S hydrogen bomb. Truman was able to win bipartisan support for both the Truman Doctrine, which formalised a policy of containment, and the Marshall Plan, which aimed to help rebuild postwar Europe. Truman made clear his identity as a Democrat in the New Deal tradition, advocating national health insurance, the repeal of the anti-union Taft-Hartley Act, and an aggressive civil rights program. Taken together, it all constituted a broad legislative agenda that was called the "Fair Deal".

Some Things He Did While In Office

How He Was A Great President

Even though this is a personal opinion I think he was a good president because created the Fair Deal which helped the nation by increasing the number of jobs for people, improved housing, set a higher minimum wage, made better farm price supports, and increased social security. To me he was a great role model and a great leader.