Canada's Population Struggles
How will Canada change in the future?
Canada is the second largest country in the world with a population of about 34.83 million, at first it seems like a large number, but it really isn't compared to the rest of the world. Our population is only 0.49% of the 7 billion people who live here. Population is a very important factor affecting our economy and standards of living, but we have to know how to control it so that it doesn’t affect us negatively in the future. We will look at three important geographical factors influencing our country. First, we will learn about where our immigrants are coming from and the classes of immigrants we have, then we will look at demographics which will explain how Canada looks like today. Last but not least, our important aboriginal community and their living status. Throughout this Smore we will predict what our future will look like, and how we can help our country maintain a stable population.
Immigration has always been one of the most important things for Canada’s population. In my opinion, without our large variety of immigrants Canada wouldn’t be the diverse country it is today. Though we have to thank everyone for contributing to our economy, each immigrant had to go through a long and different process to be able to get in. Every person is classified as one of these four categories and beside them you will be able to see the number and percent of people in each category per year.
- Reuniting families ( 66,659 – 25.6% )
- Contributing to economic development immigrants (165,088 – 63.4% )
- Protection of refugees (23,286 - 8.9%)
- Other (5,367 – 2.1%)
A large portion of immigrants coming to Canada are economic citizens who contribute to Canada's economy. In total, immigrants make up at least 20.6% of our population. When you think about it, it seems like a small number but with our low population it’s not so small after all. Immigrants now a days are coming from everywhere around the world. In Canada, especially Mississauga where I live, you will find a lot of diversity mostly from Asia. Mississauga just proves how most of our immigrants are coming from Asian countries such as Philippines, India, China and Pakistan.
Now where do our immigrants go? Well, of course they spread in the different provinces of Canada but as you may know our lucky province of Ontario takes almost half of all those immigrants. I believe this is because of the big cities and jobs Ontario has to offer, the capital is located there too. Ontario is a great place to live in with advanced technology which new generations are now craving. Though apart from that, all of our provinces get immigrants, ranking Quebec, Alberta and British Columbia right after Ontario. Most immigrants go to the most developed and advanced provinces, therefore this tells Canada that if every province was as developed as Ontario is then we would never have a lack of immigrants.
When you think about it, Canada is a well-developed country therefore our immigration level is high. Most of our immigrants come from developing countries such as India or China, but this will change in the future when these countries have enough to be fully developed. For example, India’s fertility rate of 2.5 still keeps the country over populated and in search of countries to immigrate to, which is beneficial to Canada. Though, when this country develops and there’s enough education and food supplies for everyone, none of these people have a reason to emigrate as much as before. This causes our immigration rate to drop from India. So, if every country develops little by little our immigration will decrease because there will be no pull or push factor from these countries. Hence, in the future since our net migration is already dropping, we has to look for big advancements in technology or any other area to be able to pull more people in and keep Canada populated with a good income. Thus, we need potential income immigrants for our economy and citizens not to suffer from taxes, which will be taken away by our baby boom population who is about to retire.
Demographics are very useful when we come to think about population in general, without them we wouldn’t be able to predict what could happen in the future to countries such as Canada. To find out more, demographers use collected data to predict and estimate how a country will change in the future looking at past events as well as patterns between other countries. Below is some of the most important statistics that are required to predict how Canada will look like tomorrow.
As you can see above, those are Canada’s statistics in the year 2014. With our population increasing slowly, not much has changed since then. You can see that our age structure is pretty balanced between most categories except for 25-54 years. Most of our population is now at that age due to our baby boom, which occurred throughout the years of 1946-1965 right after the World War II. These babies are now aging and leaving the rest of our population stable. Though as they age, our economy is going to suffer. As you grow up older and older you are in need of someone to take care of you as well as more health care benefits. So the government obviously pays but where is all this money coming from? As you probably know taxes sadly exist, therefore as they age they will need more money which will be taken from the smaller amount of young population left.
In order to even out this population, looking at our life expectancy of about 80, it will take at least 30 more years until most of them die. But how is Canada going to be able to pass through 30 years of economic failure? Well the only other way for our population to even out faster is by immigrants. Immigration has always been huge in Canada, though we can’t always rely on it. As the future comes people will have less motives to come to Canada. As our current population drops, everyone will have to pay for even more taxes and that’s not such a great pull factor after all. Even better, Canada is getting really expensive, most Canadians can’t even afford a house, thinking about how 10 years ago that house cost half or even less of the price it costs today. So what is Canada going to do now? Take even more money from us? Well since our population is growing by 0.76%, this obviously won’t help. Therefore we have to pray that immigration will help us out through these aging years.
As we look into the future, with this tragic baby boom coming to us, there will be more sudden deaths. Although it’s going to take at least 30 years until most die, the oldest baby boomers are now around 70, therefore in about 10 years our death rate will increase rapidly. Since we have already developed, and most women now a days have very important jobs as men, they don’t have enough time to have big families. Most people don’t even have enough time to have a family at all, so our birth rate will most likely stay the same or decrease a little. As we mentioned before, this affects our population growth and natural increase rate, to the point where it could even turn negative over the years and there will be no population growth at all.
Way back in time when aboriginals owned Canadian land there was no conflict over it, but when Europeans came and settled in they took everything from them and made Canada look as it is today. Aboriginals are our first nations, which are divided in non-status and status Indians though there are also the Métis and the Inuit. Non-Status Indians are just like people living around you today, they pay taxes just like we do and even live the same type of lifestyle with the same rights and freedoms. Status Indians, on the other hand are registered under the Indian Act. They live in reserves and practice their culture within themselves. The Aboriginal Affairs & Northern Development Canada (AANDC) take care of them, giving them equal health care, education and development rights to benefit them and Canada. They also negotiate land claims and provide social services agreements which help the first nations settle peacefully. The Métis are the mixture of aboriginals and European ancestry or any other people, they have their own culture aside from the first nations. Last but not least the Inuit are bands who live in the territories, and northern Quebec and Labrador.
All around Canada there are 617 First Nation communities, meaning there are 50 nations or cultural groups with 50 aboriginal languages. 1.4 million people have identified themselves as aboriginals this is 4% of Canada’s population. Out of that 4%, 50% are registered Indian (status Indians), 30% are Métis, 15% are non-status Indians and finally 4% are Inuit. Although half of all aboriginals live in urban centers the other half still live in reserves.
The First Nation's population is not quite big yet. For First Nations it’s normal to have big families, for them to later on carry their beliefs and culture onto next generations. Big families also are helpful for the rest of their community. With their big fertility rate, their population is growing way too much. This means that as Canada’s population doesn’t grow theirs will explode with new born babies. This causes their community to grow faster, as the amount of people double they will need more space than they already do. Although the Indian Act still has many issues there will be more, because of the amount of new Indians there will be in the future. More space is going to be required for the First Nations and conflict will begin. The only way for more economic development for everyone is by settling a partnership and by replacing the Indian Act with a better set of governance rules.
My life in 2060 by User 475240129