Roman Empire

Roman Art

Ancient Roman Art comes from the Roman Empire. That was one of the most largest empires in history, and its art reflects power and influence. Romans wanted their architecture and art to be useful. Before building them, they planned their buildings. They built bridges, public baths, aqueducts, and many other things. In the late 600's B.C., the most powerful people in Italy were the Etruscans. About 200 B.C the Romans conquered the Greeks and began to copy their art style. However, Roman art had its own original contributions. The Roman Art is basically more than just art of the city, it's the art of Roman Civilization, It covers a period of more than 1,000 years. The Roman had an interest in magnificence and scale, for example, the Colosseum and the public baths in Rome. The Roman also developed the use of the arch, the vault and the dome and much more. They discovered concrete; which helped them create grand architecture. They developed the use of mosaic decoration from the Greeks examples. Wall paintings became an important aspect of patrician domestic decoration. Wall art showed an interest in landscapes. Decorative arts included fine silver and glassware, jewelry of amber, precious gem and gold. Whenever the Roman Empire extended, it took its art and architecture with them. Roman Art along with its influence and heritage still continues to exist in all branches of the arts today.

Roman Chariot Races

Chariot racing was one of the most popular Ancient Greek, Rome, and Byzantine sports. The Chariot Races were less violent than the gladiators. However, they were still an extreme, dangerous sport where drivers could get seriously hurt or even die. The teams gained more fierce passions from their supporters. Chariot races took place in the Circus Maximus; which was a huge, oval shaped stadium that could seat about 200,000 viewers. Races were rough and harsh. They lasted about seven rounds. It included as many as twelve chariots at the same time. To be fast as possible, the chariots had to be very light. The drivers were usually slaves or freedmen. Chariots were organized in four main teams Red, White, Blue and Green. Not everyone was a fan of these races; The Chariot Races were popular sports for the Roman masses, but not the social elites. The social elites despised the mob behavior of the fans and found the spot unexceptional and childish. One exception was Emperor Nero. He was really passionate about horses, he even drove his own chariot. It would take more than disapproval from educated elites to put a stop to the sport and therefore, chariot races survived for many centuries.


Roman Mosaics

Roman Mosaics were a common feature of private homes and public buildings. Mosaics could be for public or private viewing. They were across the Empire from Africa to Antioch. The mosaics were beautiful works of art. They reveal a lot about Roman activities like gladiator contests, agriculture, hunting and so much more. Some even capture the Romans themselves in detailed portraits. Mosaics are also known as opus tesellatum. They were made with small black, white and colored squares; which typically measured about 0.5 and 1.5 cm. The theme of mosaics was often in keeping with the type of use in the room within which it was made. The Roman Mosaic themes were plain, geometric patterns, and figurative. The art of ancient roman mosaics was essentially inherited through southern Italy and Sicily from Greece and developed to a high degree driven by the wealth. Mosaics achieved a satisfactory and durable patterned surface.



Spartacus

Spartacus was born a freeman. He joined the army, but later in time, ran away. When he got caught, he was sold into slavery to work as a gladiator. When he wasn't fighting, he was locked up to make sure he didn't escape once more. In 73 BCE, he escaped with around 70 other gladiators. They armed themselves any way they could. Rome sent an army of 3,000 soldiers to capture them. Spartacus attacked them with his fellow gladiators and defeated the Roman army. Rome tried to capture them again, but they still failed because Spartacus won that battle as well. When other slaves found out Spartacus had escaped, they also escaped to join him. Spartacus became well known by people later on, he became famous. Being able to catch him was not easy at all. Spartacus and his army were being hunted for about two years, they defeated those who tried to capture them. When Rome finally captured Spartacus, they killed him and everyone of his army.