Argumentative Writing

Greater Albany Public Schools

Citing Sources

A student using the article “Anatomy of a Cigarette” by Dr. Jeffrey Wigand might cite the article in a number of ways. Here are several ways one could cite the following passage: “Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals. Some of them are potent carcinogens.”


1. Summarizing: The article states there are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke (Wigand 1).

2. Quoting: According to research, “tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals” (Wigand 1).

3. Author’s name included in text: According to Dr. Jeffrey Wigand, there are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke, some of which are strong carcinogens (1).

4. If the author’s name was not available, use a shortened version of the title of the work, and put it in quotation marks in the parentheses

For example: The article states there are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke (“Anatomy” 1).