By: Madison Johnson

Why I Chose Alzheimer's:

I chose Alzheimer's, because it is a disease that effects millions everyday. I am incredibly interested in this disease, and I only hope that one day a treatment or a prevention will come about. My research on this will help others by giving them another outlook on this very sensitive subject. My great grandmother has Alzheimer's, and I would like to find more ways to understand her and what she is currently going through.

The Disease:

Alzheimer's tends to affect people in their 60's and 70's, but in some cases it can start even in a person's 40's or 50's. When it starts in the 40's or 50's, it is better known as early onset Alzheimer's. This is the most common form of Dementia. Alzheimer's is reported in 60-80 percent of Dementia patients. It is a slow disease, that slowly eats away all memory in the brain. It goes through each section that memory is stored in. This is a very progressive disease, and takes multiple years. This disease has yet been able to be cured or prevented. With that said, this disease is what normally causes the death of an Alzheimer's patient. The patient slowly forgets everything in their life. Names, birthdays, family, friends, celebrations, how to take care of themselves, and even forget how to breath in the end.

The Brain During Alzheimer's:

The brain is actually loosing tissue and leads to nerve cell death. Throughout the progress, the brain is shrinking as memory is lost. The cortex shrivels up, shrinkage happens to the hippocampus, and ventricles grow larger. Ventricles are specs that are filled with fluid. As these grow larger, the brain becomes overcrowded. While the disease is developing worse and worse, palques and tangles are formed in the brain. Plaques are clusters in the brain that are known for being chemically "sticky" and tangles are what forms inside of dying/dead cells. The three main parts of the brain being used during the process of Alzheimer's is the cerebrum, cerebellum, and the brain stem. The cerebrum is involved in remembering, thinking, feeling, and problem solving. The cerebellum is what controls coordination and balance. lastly, the brain stem connects the brain to the spinal cord. It controls breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and digestion.

Research and Experiments:

In an article i read, they said, "Clinical trials are research studies conducted in people to determine whether treatments are safe and effective. Clinical trials are the best way for researchers to find new ways to detect, slow, treat and hopefully someday prevent Alzheimer's disease." to explain what the trials they do are about. The type of clinical trials are treatment trials, prevention trials, online studies, quality of life studies, and diagnostic studies.

If you want to learn more about the trials, get information over previous trials, or try to get a trail set up, then head to the following website for help!

Extra Facts About Alzheimer's:

  • Over 5 million people in the United States and currently living with Alzheimer's disease.
  • In the united States, someone develops Alzheimer's every 67 seconds.
  • Alzheimer's is the 6th leading disease that causes death in the United states.
  • Every year, about 500,000 people die of the Alzheimer's disease.
  • Over 60 percent of Alzheimer's patients are women.
  • In the year of 2014, about 5.2 people had this disease.
  • $214 billion was put into the Alzheimer's disease just in the year 2014 alone.
  • This year, about 17.2% of women had Alzheimer's disease, while only 9.3% of women had breast cancer.

Want to know more facts? Visit the following site, and watch the video, for more!


Want to make a donation to help this disease? Then go to the following site to learn more, and help!