Mining and Fracking

Senia Hege, Tori Smith

Surface and Subsurface

Surface mining includes strip mining, open pit mining and mountain top removal mining.

the differences between subsurface mining and surface mining are that surface mining is done above the ground and subsurface mining is done underground.


Strip mining is the scraping of rocks and earth to get coal under the surface.

Some negative impacts of strip mining is that it causes dust and noise pollution.

Another negative impact is sediments pollute water ways when it rains.


Open pit mining is useful for finding copper, Gold, Iron and many other materials.

Some negative impacts on wildlife such as cutting the trees and vegetation.

Others include toxic substances and other pollution in the air.

This can ruin your lungs which is called black-lung.


Mountain top removal is the removal of the mountain tops or explosion.

Some examples are clearing, blasting, or dumping waste.

The positive effects is more drinking supplies.


Slope mining is where you can access valuable geological.

Slope mining affects the environment by tearing down trees to find the coal,oil and gas.

Some other negative effects is pollution.


is either the mining of an ore deposit by underground methods, or the working of coal seams accessed by atoms driven into the surface outcrop of the coal bed.

Some Effects of drift mining is pollution and smog.


sinking refers to the method of excavating a vertical or near-vertical tunnel from the top down, where there is initially no access to the bottom.

Some effects of shaft mining to the environment is air quality and noise.

Fracking Mining

Fracking is the breaking down of underground by fluid and pressure and chemicals.

some negative impacts are pollution such as digging underground and might cause earthquakes.