Deoxyribonucleic acid

Buckle up and get ready to learn about DNA!

What is DNA?

DNA is a molecule that encodes the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms and many viruses.

What does DNA do?

DNA contains the instructions needed for an organism to develop, survive and reproduce.


DNA has traits which are passed from parent to child which is heredity.


DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas from one original DNA molecule.

Protein Production

The role of DNA is to serve as the blueprint for amino acid sequences to make proteins.

What is RNA?

RNA is a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins.

Types of RNA

Messenger RNA

Ribosomal RNA

  • Transfer RNA
  • What does RNA do?

    RNA fits through the pores of the nuclear membrane, unlike the DNA, allowing it to transport all of the information to the specific parts.
    What is DNA?