Nuevo Vocabulario!

New Vocabulary for You! This WILL be on the semester exam!

Vocabulary ~

Todo el vocabulario tiene que ser con (has to do with) La Clase!~


La bandera = Flag

el cartel = poster

la computadora = computer

la mochila = backpack

la pantalla = computer screen

la basura = trash

el ratón = (computer) mouse **Also means "mouse"

el reloj = clock

el sacapuntas = pencil sharpener

el teclado = computer keyboard


Los Muebles = Furniture

el escritorio = desk

la mesa = table

la silla = chair


Otro vocabulario:
la puerta = door

la ventana = window



Location: Posición en la clase

al lado de la/del = next to, beside

allí = there

aquí = here

debajo de la/del = under

delante de la/del = in front of

Dónde está? = Where is ____ (it)?

en = in, on

encima de = on top of

Vocabulario muy útil (useful!)

Es un(a) = It's a

Hay = There are, There is

Qué es esto? = What is this?


Estar = To be (Temporary!

Like ser, estar also means "to be", but in a temporary way. We only use estar to talk about ourselves in terms of situations that are temporary. We are going to refer to it as your "Instagram Status", or "Facebook Status". When you post on Instagram or Facebook you post 3 things about yourself:


  • Where you are
  • What you are doing
  • How you feel


These are all temporary situations that change from minute to minute. So when using estar, we using it to talk about ourselves in terms of these temporary situations:


  • Where we are
  • What we are doing
  • How we feel


Estar is an "ar" verb, but it is also an irregular verb because there are several aspects that are irregular. The yo form is irregular, Yo estoy, and the tú, él/ella/usted, and ellos/ustedes forms all have accents.


Verb forms:

Yo estoy = I am

Tú estás = You are

Él/Ella está = He/She is

Usted está = You are (Formal)

Nosotros estamos = We are

Ellos/Ustedes están = They/Ya'll are





Y finalmente....Articles!

Remember that we must always have 2 kinds of agreement: gender agreement and number agreement!


We have learned the feminine singular & plural articles: la, las

Here are the masculine articles: el, los


**DO NOT confuse el with él!! Remember that accents determine meaning! Él = HE and El = the!


If I just want to say "a" or "an", I use "un" or "una". When I have more than 1, such as 2 libros, I would say "unos libros" = some books.


So:

unos, unas = some