The Nation Breaks Apart: Timeline

Hayley Verhoev p-8

Missouri Compromise Of 1820

The Missouri Compromise was a compromise that made sure there was a balance between free states and slave states. The congress believed that slavery was tearing the nation apart. The south wanted slavery, the north didn't. The Missouri compromise was then created.

Nullification Crisis Of 1828

The Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson created by South Carolina in November 1832. When Andrew Jackson was elected he made the Tariff of Abominations. This was why the south Carolina was so upset. The thought that the U.S. Constitution allowed states to individually nullify federal laws for the whole union.

Mexican War/ Mexican Cession

The Mexican War was an armed conflict between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico. The Mexican Cession of 1848 is a historical name in the United States for the region of the modern day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on March 10, 1848.

Compromise Of 1850

The compromise of 1850 was when the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished. Furthermore, California entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government was created in Utah. This was on January 29, 1850.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

This was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852and published on March 20, 1852. He wanted to show that slavery was brutal and immoral. Once this book was published, the conflict between the north and the south was highlighted and opened peoples eyes.

Kansas- Nebraska Act

The Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854, created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty.

Bleeding Kansas

Bleeding Kansas in 1855 was, was a series of violent political confrontations in the United States involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery states. 5000 proslavery Missourians came and voted illegally. antislavery settlers boycotted and created their own government.

Brooks- Sumner Affair

The Brooks Sumner Affair was when a Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner sat as his desk in the nearly empty Chamber of the United States Senate on May 22, 1856. He had recently given a speech called “The Crime Against Kansas” on abolishing slavery in the United States.

Dred Scott Case

Dred Scott case was when the supreme court ruled that no African Americans were citizens and had no rights. Dred Scott had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom, but was denied.

Lincoln - Douglas Debate

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates of 1858 were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate, and Stephen A. Douglas, a Democrat, for an Illinois seat in the United States Senate. At the time, U.S. Senators were elected by state legislatures; thus Lincoln and Douglas were campaigning for their respective parties to win control of the Illinois legislature. The debates previewed the issues that Lincoln would face in the 1860 presidential election. The main issue discussed in all seven debates was slavery. In the end, Douglas won, but Lincoln made himself clear and that helped him and his new party. This was held on August 21, 1858.

Harpers Ferry Attack

Abolitionist John Brown leads a small group on a raid against a federal armory in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in an attempt to start an armed slave revolt and destroy the institution of slavery. This happened in 1859.

Election Of 1860

The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860, and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War.

South Carolina Secedes

On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first Southern state to declare its secession and later formed the Confederacy. They also named Jefferson Davis as president.

Beginning Of The Civil War

This started on April 12, 1861. The civil war started when Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay. During the next 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort. On April 13, U.S. Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort.