Long-Term Climate Changes

Cam Covington and Chris Rivera

What is Long-Term Climate Change?

Climate Change is global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onward and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

What is happening with climate change?

According to studies by, US-PEA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) , Our Earth is warming. Earth's average temperature has risen by 1.4°F over the past century, and is projected to rise another 2 to 11.5°F over the next hundred years. Small changes in the average temperature of the planet can translate to large and potentially dangerous shifts in climate and weather.
Rising global temperatures have been accompanied by changes in weather and climate. Many places have seen changes in rainfall, resulting in more floods, droughts, or intense rain, as well as more frequent and severe heat waves. The planet's oceans and glaciers have also experienced some big changes - oceans are warming and becoming more acidic, ice caps are melting, and sea levels are rising. As these and other changes become more pronounced in the coming decades, they will likely present challenges to our society and our environment.

How would long-term climate changes affect earth and it's people?

Human societies have adapted to the relatively stable climate we have enjoyed since the last ice age which ended several thousand years ago. A warming climate will bring changes that can affect our water and food supplies, agriculture, power and transportation systems, the natural environment, and even our own health and safety.

Is it possible for climate changes to be avoided?

Yes, but some changes to the climate are unavoidable. Carbon dioxide can stay in the atmosphere for nearly a century, so Earth will continue to warm in the coming decades. The warmer it gets, the greater the risk for more severe changes to the climate and Earth's system. Although it's difficult to predict the exact impacts of climate change, what's clear is that the climate we are accustomed to is no longer a reliable guide for what to expect in the future.

How can we help lower the risks that come along with climate changes?

We can all take action at home, on the road, and in your office to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the risks associated with climate change. Many of these steps can save you money; some, such as walking or biking to work can even improve your health! You can also get involved on a local or state level to support energy efficiency, clean energy programs, or other climate programs.


What is one way we can help lower the risks that come along with climate change?

By how much has earth's temperature risen over the past century?


"Basics." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 05 Jan. 2015.

"Earth's Future? Ancient Warming Gives Ominous Peek at Climate Change." NBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2015.