Awareness of Drinking Water

How to find it, purify it and stay safe!

Introduction...

Have you ever been in the bush, needed water and don't know if it's safe to drink or have drunk it and got really sick? Well, read on and you will know how to tell if water is safe to drink and where to find it. If it's not you will also know how to purify it and the best way to do it! Enjoy :)

The Dangers of Water

Water may be fun and is the best way to hydrate yourself but it's not always safe and as good as it's said to be. In some water, mostly in the bush there are all these tiny, tiny, microscopic bits of bacteria that can cause you to get very sick or even cause death if you drink the water or even just wash yourself with it.

What Makes the Water Unsafe

In the water there are tiny pathogenic organisms, millions per mililitre. They cause bacteria which causes diseases. Our feces that some people leave off the track then make their way to the water and cause diseases too. There are different type of bacteria organisms like escherichia (e.coli) and salmonella. There are also types of Protozoa organisms like microsporidia including, giardia, cryptosporidium, toxoplasma gondii, amoebae, ciliates, flagellates and apiccomplexans. Also there are nematodes, ascarids, pinworms, hookworms, strongylids, angiostrongylids, capillarids, guinea worms, liver flukes and tapeworms.

But it's not always the bacteria. It came sometimes be from animal carcacces or algie that poisins the water.

Make sure you purify the water or make sure none of this stuff is hiding inside it!

Finding Water and Making Sure it's Safe

So you're in the bush and looking for water. There are a few things you can look out for like animals, vegetation and the speed of water. Firstly the animals. If there are animals around a water source and they are drinking it then it is usually safe. Though sometimes it's not because, animals can be in need of water and just drink it anyway. Or like humans can be, they may be immune to the diseases and don't get sick.

Secondly, the vegetation. If there are lots of healthy looking plants around (not algie) then they are probably drinking the water which means it would be safe. If plants are around but look dead or weed like plants then it probably means the water isn't safe and the bacteria in the water has killed them.

Lastly, the speed of the water. If the water is powerful and fast flowing down it's path there is less chance for the bacteria to grow meaning it is safe to drink from. If it's slow and just trickling down it means there is more time for bacteria to grow and regenerate spreading diseases throughout the water.

By the way because of the microscopic bacteria you can not see you can't tell if the water is safe to drink by looking at it.

Purifying Water

So you have found some water and you either need to make it safe because it's not or you want to be 100% sure then you can purify it. There are many ways to purify water but the most common ways to do it are using a chemical purifier or just boiling it. For the chemical purifiers you can buy them from certain shops and they are in tablet or capsule form that you drop into the water. Another way is to boil the water. You boil it to the full for five minutes at the least, the longer the better. You only have to have the water at 85 degrees celsius. By boiling the water you are essentially boiling off and killing the bacteria. Boiling water is the simplest, most effective and safe way to get rid of the bacteria and diseases.

We Are Running Out of Water

We are running out of water. One day there may not be much at all. There are already many countries who are in much need of water. Then top ten countries in need of water are, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Chad, Cambodia, Laos, Haiti, Ghana, India, Rwanda and Bangladesh. We don't want to be on that list so little things can be done to help like taking short showers, turning off the tap, giving less water to plants, fixing the leaky pipes and just not wasting water. There are also bigger things we could do. It involves big sums and the government but if we do get them, we could build things like underground water reservoirs and storage which would make a big difference.
Can You Tell If Water Is Safe To Drink Just By Looking At It?