Yr 9 Drug Assignment

Part One

What is a Drug? There are both illegal and legal drugs . An example on an illegal drug is cannabis which is known as marijuana, and legal drugs like panadol. Drugs is a medicine or substance that can get to your brain once it gets to your brain it can change a person's physical or mental state and also can make you addicted to the drug. I got the definition from sciencemuseum.org.uk


Part Two

Smoking

  • When you smoke you inhale more than 4000 chemicals including acetone (paint stripper), ammonia (toilet cleaner), cyanide (rat killer), DDT (insecticide) and carbon monoxide (car exhaust fumes).

  • Smoking causes the following cancers: mouth, throat, larynx, lung, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder, stomach, cervix and acute myeloid leukemia.

  • A single cigarette contains over 4,800 chemicals, 69 of which are known to

cause cancer.

  • Smoking reduces the effectiveness of treatments and delays healing of wounds. For people who smoke, recovery room stays are 20% longer and broken bones take nearly twice as long to heal.

  • Smoking negatively impacts your eye health. People who smoke have twice the risk of developing cataracts and are two to three times more likely to develop AMD or age-related macular degeneration which can cause vision loss and blindness than people who do not smoke.


Second hand smoking

  • Second hand smoke can come from a cigarette, cigar, or pipe. Tobacco smoke has more than 4,000 chemical compounds, at least 250 are known to cause disease. Secondhand smoke makes you more likely to get lung cancer and many other types of cancer. It's also bad for your heart.


Marijuana

  • he dried leaves and female flowers of the hemp plant, used in cigarette form as a narcotic (drug affecting mood or behaviour) or hallucinogen (drug causes hallucinations, and other major personal changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness).

Short term effects

  • Sensory distortion

  • Panic

  • Anxiety

  • Poor coordination of movement

  • Lowered reaction time

  • After an initial “up,” the user feels sleepy or depressed

  • Increased heartbeat (and risk of heart attack)


Long term effects

  • Reduced resistance to common illnesses (colds, bronchitis, etc.)

  • Suppression of the immune system

  • Growth disorders

  • Increase of abnormally structured cells in the body

  • Reduction of male sex hormones

  • Rapid destruction of lung fibers and lesions (injuries) to the brain could be permanent

  • Reduced sexual capacity

  • Study difficulties: reduced ability to learn and retain information

  • Apathy, drowsiness, lack of motivation

  • Personality and mood changes

  • Inability to understand things clearly


Alcohol

  • a colourless volatile flammable liquid which is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel.

  • A standard drink contains 10g of pure alcohol

    • Beer 330mL

    • Wine 100mL

    • Spirits 30mL


Describe the effects alcohol has on the body

  • Even a small amount of alcohol has an affect on your body. When you drink, alcohol is absorbed into your bloodstream and distributed throughout your body. A tiny amount of alcohol exits your body in your urine and your breath.

  • You absorb alcohol more slowly if you eat, especially if the food is high in fat. However, if you drink more than your body can process, you’ll get drunk. How quickly alcohol is metabolized depends on your size and gender, among other things.

  • Alcohol consumption causes physical and emotional changes that can do great harm to your body. The long-term effects of alcohol abuse are many, putting your health in serious jeopardy and endangering your life.


Binge Drinking

Binge drinking is the practice of consuming large quantities of alcohol in a single session.

3 laws of alcohol

It is not illegal:

  • For a child aged five to 16 to drink alcohol at home or on other private premises.

It is against the law


  • For an adult to buy or attempt to buy alcohol on behalf of someone under 18. (retailers can reserve the right to refuse the sale of alcohol to an adult if they’re accompanied by a child and think the alcohol is being bought for the child.)

  • To sell alcohol to someone under 18 anywhere.

Part Three

  1. Penny’s friends have all started smoking on the school fields at lunchtime. Penny has tried the odd cigarette before, and doesn't like smoking at all. She also knows that it is against school rules, and if she got caught her parents would be informed - and they would be upset, especially since her nana has lung cancer from smoking. Penny’s friends are giving her a hard time for not joining in when they smoke.



Option 1: She would join in

Consequence: she would get caught by her parents and start getting addicted to it

Feelings:she would feel horrible because she had done something that made her get into trouble

Solution:she could stop smoking and apologise to her parents also start fresh at another school


Option 2: She would say no

Consequence: she would lose her friends

Feelings: She would feel proud of herself because she stood up to her friends

Solution:Make new friends


Option 3: She walked away

Consequence: Her friends would end up pressuring her into smoking

Feelings: She would feel sad

Solutions: Make new friends