The Ordeal of Reconstruction
End of the Civil War: Lincoln's assassination
Reconstruction and 1876: Crash Course US History #22
Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan
- Ratified the 13th Amendment (2)
- Vetoed Civil Rights Bill (3)
- Pardoned Confederate Soldiers
- Sharecropping: a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land; "new slavery"
- 13th Amendment: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
- 14th Amendment: Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
- 15th Amendment: Citizens (men) cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
- Civil Rights Bill of 1866: all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
- Compromise of 1877: Settled the election of 1876 and gave the presidency to Rutherford B. Hayes. Symbolizes the end of Reconstruction.
- Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court case from 1892 that deemed "separate but equal" is lawful.
APUSH Review: Reconstruction