The Ordeal of Reconstruction

1865-1877

End of the Civil War: Lincoln's assassination

About Reconstruction:

Reconstruction and 1876: Crash Course US History #22

Plans

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Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan

  • Ratified the 13th Amendment (2)
  • Vetoed Civil Rights Bill (3)
  • Pardoned Confederate Soldiers

Freed Slaves

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Key Terms

  1. Sharecropping: a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land; "new slavery"
  2. 13th Amendment: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  3. 14th Amendment: Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
  4. 15th Amendment: Citizens (men) cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  5. Civil Rights Bill of 1866: all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
  6. Compromise of 1877: Settled the election of 1876 and gave the presidency to Rutherford B. Hayes. Symbolizes the end of Reconstruction.
  7. Plessy v. Ferguson: Supreme Court case from 1892 that deemed "separate but equal" is lawful.

Key People

Review

APUSH Review: Reconstruction