Essential Question 3

India's Economy and Traditional Life

Caste System

There are different levels in the caste system, with the being Brahmins, followed by Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, and Untouchables, who are casteless. Brahmin, is the highest caste, they are people who specialize in scriptural teaching and education, all Brahmin are priests. Kshatriyas, is the second highest caste, they do all forms of public services, defense, maintenance, law and order, and administration. Population consist of mostly rulers. Vaishya's are the middle class people, who are the third highest caste. Their jobs are commercial activity as businessmen, merchants, and traders. Sudras are the lowest caste and work as semi skilled and low skilled laborers. The untouchables, are considered casteless, and do all of the dirty work that nobody wants to do. You are born into a caste, and can't move between castes in your life time. The only way you can move castes is by being reincarnated into another caste. That is determined on what you did in your past life, to move you between castes.
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Role of Women

"You can tell the condition of a Nation by looking at the status of its Women." Jawaharlal Nehru, Leader of India's Independence movement, and India's first female Prime Minister. What she is trying to say is, women have more opportunities in modern India although it is still a male dominant society. This is because men are considered an advantage of the family as a whole because, they can earn a sustainable amount of money to support the family, carry on the family name, keep the family tree striving for generations, and are able to help their aging parents. Women are not very important to families because, they are nit able to earn money to support the family, they are also seen as dependent on men both economically (because the men are the breadwinners) and emotionally. Many women go to live with their husband's family after marriage to help around the house, and they provide less help in their old house with their family.

Other Traditional Indian Life

The caste system has been a tradition for years now, currently people are trying to get rid of it because it gives people inequality to people. Many people dress a certain way, men wear a traditional white dhoti, often wear a chaddar when it is chilly outside, wear a cut shirt called a kurta, and sometimes on special occasions, men would twist their mustache (style it). In Britain, practically all Hindu men wear western type of clothing (besides the more religious ones).In India, men wear a mix of Western and traditional Hindu clothing. Most women wear a sari, but western fashion is starting to increase into the newer generations. Somethingt hat is very popular and traditional in India is, Indian traffic. India has the second highest population in the world, but with a large population, it is common to see lots of traffic wherever you go.

India’s role and rise in the global economy

There are many major US industries currently in India, they include, Coca-Cola, Amazon, PepsiCo, Pizza Hut, McDonald’s, and Starbucks. Media and entertainment is very big in India, currently in the market size of 2015: $19.5 billion, by 2018 market size will reach $29.0 billion. Pharmaceuticals is one of India's strong points, with the 3rd largest in volume in world, and the 13 largest in value. Some major ports which allows industries to import and export items are, the Kandla port, the Jawaharlal Nehru port, and the Mumbai port. India has a lot of trade ties with US, for example, US goods and private services, has a totaled of $93 billion in 2012. There are many US exports and imports with India; exports: $34 billion, imports: $59 billion, 18th largest US trade partner for export as of 2013. India's top Us export items in 2013, precious stones (ruby, emerald, diamond, etc), at $5.8 billion, aircraft at $3.0 billion, Machinery at $2.3 billion, electric machinery at $1.3 billion, and optic and medical instruments at $1.3 billion. India's exports to the US are, agriculture at $836 million in total in 2013 with, tree nuts at $369 million, pulses at $103 million, cotton at $90 million, and fresh fruits at $82 million. India was USA's 10th largest supplier in 2013. US good imports totaled to $41.8 billion in 2013 due to a trade deficit for US services, and $25 billion in 2012. The growth of Middle Class, the current middle class has a population of around 50 million people are middle class, or 5% of the population of India. It's supposed to reach 200 million in 2020. A sweet spot for middle class is supposed to happen in 2017, this is when the middle class goes very well.

Indian culture has began to globalize

There are many American companies that are moving into the Indian market like Starbucks and Amazon. By 1993, most of the Indian community had become interested in consumerism and self expression, but architecture reflects to that of western style (Glass buildings, shopping malls). Another thing that has globalized from the Indian culture is religion. Their religion is Hinduism, and it has globalized and now is practiced all over the world. Hinduism was before mainly practiced in India, but because merchants and traders from India wanted business, they traveled to nearby countries to trade. Western India and South Africa started to trade because of Gandhi. Now 950 million people follow Hinduism. People practice Hinduism is, India, US, UK, Fiji, Mauritius, Malaysia, and South Africa.

India’s economic and political changes affecting tradition life

Modern technology and development are transforming the way of life in India. It is common to find a brand new car on the road at the same time as you find a person on an elephant. Newly and affluent Indians are abandoning Indian engineering for Japanese, Korean and European cars. The Bajaj scooter may become a part of traditional India. Their is an increase in the availability of American brands. Surge in the population of American businessmen and businesses, like five-star hotels. The use of American idiom and American accents has grown a lot in India. Indians were being taught to speak more slowly and stretch their O’s, and some Indians call their colleagues by American slang words like ‘dude'.

India becoming a superpower

I believe that yes, India can become a superpower, because they are apart of the BRICS. BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies, including, Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. One reason India is going to become a superpower is, they are a global leader in high tech, almost no other country has as many cell phone users, and the communications industry is growing faster than anywhere else. Another reason is, they are the world's leading weapons importer, nuclear power that has expanded its collection of warheads and has no intention of signing the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. The Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty is a treaty to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology. A final reason is they are planning a mission to Mars. The Indians sent satellites into space some time ago, and only last week did they announce plans for a mission to Mars. Prime Minister Singh described it as "a giant step for us in the field of science and technology."

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