• Genetics
  • Sickness such as strep
  • Faulty or dysfunctional thinking
  • Trauma


  • Fear and anxiety
  • Violent; aggressive thoughts
  • Paranoia


  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
  • Medication
  • Combination of both


Through CBT, a technique called Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) where they gradually expose a person to the tings that trigger compulsive behavior then delay their normal response. For example, touch something but wait longer and longer each time to wash hands. Then through "habit ovation" a process in which the anxiety deceases on its own without preforming rituals.

Strides in research and awareness

The internal OCD foundation has an OCD awareness wee actually to raise awareness of what OCD is (i.e compulsive hand washing till they turned the stove off every five minutes) and what it is not (i.e being very neat and clean) they also raise money for further research. Treatment guidelines were created in 1997 by OCD experts and in 2004 a large scale POTS study confirmed the findings in the 1997 guideline of CBT and for medication in treatment.

Interesting facts

  • OCD afflicts approximately 2% of the population.
  • Evidence suggests that OCD runs in some families and may be genetically inherited.
  • OCD affects men and women equally