Moose

Ryan Nugent Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat

Moose live in the northern forest, with colder climates, through out the world. Moose live in Europe, know as elk, northern Scandinavia, and eastward Siberia. Most moose live in Canada and Alaska. In the United States Moose live toward the Rocky Mountains, in the west of the United States. In the United States moose live toward the northeast, such as Maine (Raedeke). Moose also get most of their food from fields. After they are finished eating moose tend to graze in the fields so they can get their energy back, before they go back in the forest. (Sohn) Moose are known as elk when they live in the northern regions of Eurasia, also known in Europe and west Asia. In the North American area they are known as the Moose. (Elk)

Movement

An average Moose usually don't live in packs or a tribe, they live alone. Other types of moose in the deer family such as elk and caribou travel in groups of three to four. Moose will on average stay in one location to be able to get all the food they can get. When they are done with that are they move to another area. (Raedeke)

Moose also have the ability to swim. The way they swim is by breathing out big gulps of oxygen out of their nostrils, to prevent them from sinking. The way moose get that much oxygen is that they are able to fold out and release a ton of air. (Sohn)

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Body Covering

A moose is like a camel, their broad shoulders form a hump above there neck. Their broad hooves and long legs help then excel at swimming, walk through marshy areas or deep snow. Most moose don't run very fast even though there legs are strong. Moose don't run fast because of how much they weigh. An average moose weighs 800 to 1,400 pounds. (360 to 640 kilograms) (Raedeke) Moose's antlers on average weigh 60 pound, that is what they use for protection on fighting off enemies. These animals are striving creatures. All have broad legs, huge ears hiding directly on top of their head and behind their antlers. (Sohn)

Moose's skin is the color of brown or black on the top of there body, going across it spinal area. On the lower area, such as the stomach or lower legs is gray and brown. When a baby moose is born (known as a calf) their fur color is red and brown. Under the mouth/neck area is a flap of skin covered with fur called the bell. (Raedeke)

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Diet

Moose are healthy eaters. Moose eat woody plants, such as twigs, willows, bushes and shrubs, dogwood, mountain maple. Moose eat wet and moist plants, to make it easier to chew. So they get plants from sides of swamp and rivers. They uses a flap of skin under there neck bell to take in big gulps of plants and water. (Raedeke) The average sized moose eats 30 pound of food per day, taking 3,000 bites. (Sohn)

Reproduction

During mating season a cow (female moose) and a bull (male moose) make different sounds. All bulls in the area come to the cow and the bulls' use their antlers to fight the other off to see who will mate her. Most bulls mate with several cows. Moose mate all winter and calves are born in the spring. A cow has one to two at a time, but it is possible to have three at a time.
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Adaptations

Moose live in colder climates, since of the cold weather and the thick snow that is very high. Moose use there long and broad legs to walk over the snow and keep themselves standing. The moose take large steps, practically jumping, to walk over the snow. Moose use there bell (a flap of fur under the neck area) to chew normally. If the moose didn't have the bell the moose wouldn't be able to chew there food all the way. During the really cold times, the male moose shed their antlers. (Raedeke)

Moose more prefer colder weather which is why they live in the Canadian and the northern United States. So when the trees start to die and grow weak in winter it is easier to find food and makes it easier to chew. (Sohn) Warmer weather is bad for the moose because

Other Info

  • Moose are the largest member of the deer family (Raedeke).
  • The largest moose live in Alaska. 7 1/2 feet tall. (2.3 m) 1,800 pounds. (816 kg) (Raedeke)
  • A male moose is called a bull, it has broad antlers. These long antlers are used for fighting off predators from attacking his family or his mate. (Raedeke)
  • A bull's (male moose) antlers are shaped like a palm of a human hand. (Raedeke)
  • A female moose is called a cow. (Raedeke)
  • A moose's scientific name is "Alces." (Raedeke)
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Work Cited

Bell, Ronald L. "Picture of Moose." A-Z Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2016.
<http://a-z-animals.com/animals/moose/pictures/1567/>

- - -. "Picture of Moose." A-Z Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2016.
<http://a-z-animals.com/animals/moose/pictures/1567/>.

"Moose." Highlights for Children (Vol. 60, No. 11). Nov. 2005: 33. SIRS
Discoverer. Web. 09 May 2016.

Raedeke, Kenneth J. "Bull Moose." World Book Advanced. World Book Advanced,
2016. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/
article?id=ar370480&st=moose#tab=homepage>.

- - -. "Bull Moose." World Book Advanced. World Book Advanced, 2016. Web. 10 May
2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/
article?id=ar370480&st=moose#tab=homepage>.

- - -. "Moose." World Book Advanced. N.p.: World Book, n.d. N. pag. World Book
Advanced. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/
article?id=ar370480&st=moose+habitat#tab=homepage>.

- - -. "Where Moose Live." World Book Advanced. World Book Advanced, 2016. Web.
10 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/
article?id=ar370480&st=moose#tab=homepage>.

Sohn, Emily. "Missing Moose." Science News for Kids. 24 May 2006: n.p. SIRS
Discoverer. Web. 11 May 2016.