by Kevin Perez - Eighth Period
The History of Judaism.
The history of Judaism begins around 4000 years ago. Started with Abraham (born in the city of Ur in Mesopotamia), Isaac and Jacob who lived in Canaan around the 18th century BCE. From the Tribe of Judah and Simeon, and other smaller tribes formed the Israelites. The ancient people of Israel, which the religion is founded from, settled the lands of Canaan between the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the River Jordan. This is also one of the first monotheism religions. The common language used in Judaism is Hebrew.
Beliefs of Judaism.
Consists of the way of being.
The Hebrew scriptures contain 613 commandments in addition to these ten. They are known as Aseret ha-D'varim.
Symbol of the nation of Israel and its mission to be "a light unto the nations."
- God exists
- God is one and unique
- God is incorporeal
- God is eternal
- Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other
- The words of the prophets are true
- Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets
- The Written Torah and Oral Torah were given to Moses
- There will be no other Torah
- God knows the thoughts and deeds of men
- God will reward the good and punish the wicked
- The Messiah will come
- The dead will be resurrected
Oganization of Judaism.
Known as the Second Temple. Jerusalem
Known as the First Temple. Temple Mount (also known as Mount Zion)
Judaism is taught in Israel, North and South America, Europe and Asia. There are three prayer services Shaharit "morning light", Minha (afternoon prayers named for flour offerings), and Arvit "nightfall". There is also additional prayers recited by Orthodox and Conservitive congregations on Shabbat. A fifth prayer service Ne'ila "closing" is recited only on the Day of Atonement. The day of worship is Saturday. The religion is practiced in a synagogue, shul or temple. Major holidays of Judaism are Rosh HaShanah (The Jewish New Year). Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement), Sukkot (Commemoration of the Exodus of Egypt), Simchat Torah (Rejoice over the Torah), Hanukkah (Defeat of the Syrian armies by the Maccabbes, the liberation of Jerusalem and the rededication of the Temple), Tu B'shevat (New Year for the Trees), Purim (Saving of the Jews of Persia by the will of Queen Esther), Pesach or Passover (Symbolizes Renewal and Redemption), Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day), Yom HaZikaron (Israeli Remembrance Day), Yom HaAtzmaut (Israel's Independence Day), Lag B’Omer (Day that a plague that killed thousands of Rabbi Akiva stopped and also the day that the great mystic Shimon ben Yohai died), Shavuot (commemoration of receiving of the Torah from God on Mount Sinai), and Tishah B'Av (commemoration of the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem).
Statistics and Fun Facts of Judaism.
There are 14 million Jewish people, the enlarged population of Jews of 17.9 million worldwide. There are 5,435,000 core followers and the enlarged population of 6,722,000 in the United States.
Here is some fun facts of Judaism:
- 8 days after a baby is born, a ceremony is held, call the Brit Milah where the baby's placed in Elija's chair. Elija is the protector of all children.
- Food that a Jew can eat is called kosher food
- on Shabbat a Jew cannot:
- Start or stop a fire
- Drive a car (because the car will light a fire in the engine)
- Turn on or off incandescent lights
- Carry things in the street
- Ride a bicycle
- Use electrical machines like computers, TV, or a lift (elevator)
- Buy or sell things