Africa

Written By: Noah Miller-Dakota

Climate

Africa has a sub-tropical climate with the Equator running through the middle. Summers are dry with an average temp. of 72'F. Winters are dry with temp. of above 50'F. Little amounts of rain fall throughout the year.

Geography

The majority of people live in savannas and grasslands above or below the Equator. To the North and South of savannas are barren deserts. Africa is home to the African Great Plains, where wild life live. Nomads move from oases to oases in African deserts.
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Size

11.67 million sq. miles

Population

1.11 billion (as of 2013)

Capital City

Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein are the capitals of South Africa
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Language Spoken

Hundreds of languages are spoke in Africa. Arabic, Somali, Swahili, Yoruba and more languages are spoke every day

Historical Background

Many of the original settlers in this area were natives that derived there. Native tribes ruled much of the Africa land.

Forms of Government

Many forms of governments are used in Africa in the many differet countries. Constitutional Democracy (South America)

Primary Religion

The majority of people practice Christianity, and Islam.

Major Industries

Mineral industries and Telecommunications industries are big in many parts of Africa. Fish, gold, coal, diamonds, energy, and agricultural are also major industries in parts of Africa. Seafood is in high supply along Africa's coast.

Customs and Beliefs

African's customs differ from ours in the sense that in some town, people don't have cars or even electricity. Their beliefs, however, are similar to American beliefs.

Native Costume

Many people were slovich hats in South America. Bermuda shorts are custom to wear for men, and Madiba skirts are a regular style fro women in South America.

Holidays

Islams celebrate Fast of Ramadan. Christians celebrate Easter, the resurrection of Jesus. Many countries in Africa celebrate Independence day.

Points of Interest

The Great Plains of Africa are a popular safari spot for tourist. Tourist also enjoy seeing native life in many small towns,, or enjoying the beaches on the coast of Africa.
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Common Ingredients

Papaya, guava, plantain cassava, okra, kesra (round oven bread), pita bread, lamb, seafood, spicy soups and stews, and chicken are common in African foods.

Typical Dishes

Injera is a large sourdough-like pancake made with teff, a grain, and cat, a spicy sauces. Mochoui is lamb smouldered and cooked over a fire for hours. Fufu is similar to dumplings, chicken with tomato, and wine. Brik is a pastry filled and deep fried. Akla is also a popular snack in Africa.

Characteristics of the Cuisine

Africa is known for a lot of fried and broiled meat, spicy soups and stews, and food similar to that of Soul Food.
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Preperation Methods

People in Africa cook their food over fires for hours. Africans also fry and broil most of their meats.

Meal Patterns

People living in urban areas eat breakfast, lunch, and dinner in the morning, at night, and in the evening. People living in rural areas eat just two meals a day, one in morning and one in the evening. Snacking is also popular in Africa.

Serving Customs

Their is most of the time a main dish of soup or stew in brass or earth ware vessels, served on low tables with pillows or rolled up carpet for seats. Food is often arrange on one long table, and people often use their fingers to eat. Food trucks are of ten seen in many parts of Africa for people, who want a snack.