Executive Branch

Do you think you can enforce the laws of our nation?

Do you think YOU could be our President?

Then YOU could be the next member of the executive branch!!! Run for a nomination to the Presidential Cabinet, run along with a Presidential candidate as a Vice President, or run for the biggest responsibility in America: THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES!
Article II for Dummies: The Executive Branch Explained

What makes up the Executive Branch? The people you need to know

-The President of the United States- Barack Obama (Dem.)

-The Vice-President- Joe Biden (Dem.)

-The Presidential Cabinet, made up of 15 departments:



    • Department of State
    • Department of the Treasury
    • Department of Defense
    • Department of Justice
    • Department of the Interior (environmental)
    • Department of Agriculture
    • Department of Commerce
    • Department of Labor
    • Department of Health and Human Services
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development
    • Department of Transportation
    • Department of Energy
    • Department of Education
    • Department of Veteran Affairs
    • Department of Homeland Security


    Qualifications: the qualities you need to run for the Executive Branch

    Qualifications

    • President- must be a natural born citizen of the U.S, resident of U.S for 14 years, and 35 years+

    • Vice President- must be a natural born citizen of the U.S, resident of U.S for 14 years, and 35 years+

    • Cabinet- (Not specified) No run, is nominated by president and approved by Senate

    Roles of the President-the MANY responsibilities you are required to do to lead our nation

    Roles of the President

    • Chief of state-acts as head of government, rules over

    • Chief executive-must decide how to enforce laws and appoints officials to help (currently enforcing climate control law/plan for future)

    • Chief administrator-is responsible for leading executive branch, runs/directs 2.7 million people, meets with VP and cabinet

    • Chief diplomat- the main author of American foreign policy, spokesperson to countries- currently working with other countries about ISIS

    • Commander in chief- direct/immediate control of the U.S army+arsenal. Has the nuclear launch codes (withdrew troops from Afganistan, currently deploying special military operators to combat ISIS)

    • Chief legislator-main author of public policy, suggests laws to Congress, spends lots of time working with Congress (just called Congress out for stronger gun laws)

    • Chief of party- controls/leads the party that controls the executive branch-currently democrats (most democrats in Congress vote along with the president)

    • Chief citizen- means the president should represent all the people of America (always invites award winning sport players/teams, military members to honor them, attends funerals)

    The President's Role in lawmaking- crucial to our nation

    Role in lawmaking

    • Bill needs president’s signature to pass and become a law

    • If the President refuses to sign a bill from Congress, it is vetoed and sent back to Congress

    • The President can choose not to do anything, but he has ten days to act. If he doesn’t do anything to the bill in ten days and Congress is in session, it becomes a law. If he doesn’t act in ten days and Congress isn’t in session, it is vetoed (that is called a pocket veto)

    Roles of the Vice President and The Cabinet- very few, but very important!

    Roles of the Vice President

    • Leads the Senate, tiebreaker vote in case of tie

    • Takes over presidency if president dies

    Role of Cabinet

    • Advise the president

    • Advice depends on the specific department that gives the advice

    Steps to running for President- the timeline of your run

    How the President gets elected

    1. Announce candidacy (Approx. 2 years before election)

    2. Primary elections- happens in every state, state decides election. NH is the first primary in the country. Purpose is to narrow down to the top Republican and top Democrat candidate (Feb.- June prior to the general election)


    3. Political Party/ National Convention-Official announcement of Presidential and V. P. candidate for each party, two separate conventions for each party (Aug./Sep.)


    4. General election- people vote for Pres. and V.P. 18 yrs+ can vote. (1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November-First tuesday in November, but it cant be november 1st.)


    5. Electoral College Votes (December)-nominated electors from each state OFFICIALLY vote for the president based on what their state voted. It's not a place, but a process. The people who make up the College represent qualified loyal citizens. They are usually selected by state legislature, as a recognition of their service to their respective political party. They may also run for Elector and can be chosen at their political party's state convention. Each state has 1 Elector for every House of Rep. member from that state and 2 members to represent the Senators from that state. In total, there are 538 Electors. They meet in their states a week after general election and send their votes as a certificate.They are not obligated to vote for the candidate their state voted for,but the do follow the popular vote 99% of the time.


    6. Inauguration-President takes oath of office (January)