The Pyramids of Giza

By Emma Bishop

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The Pyramids Built Long Ago

Imagine lifting 8 million tons of stone using nothing but sticks and rope. Go back to 2562 BC when the pyramids were being built and one could experience this labor intensive process. The Pyramids of Giza influence many people to visit this ancient landmark of extraordinary design and structure. People continue to be fascinated at how ancient civilizations so long ago could have built these massive pyramids.
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3 Rulers Of The Pyramids

The three pyramids of Giza were built in Egypt during the Old, and Middle Kingdom periods. The 3 pyramids of Giza are named Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure. According to KhanAcademy the pyramids were, "...built over the span of three generations by the rulers at that time." The 3 pyramids are very large; averaging at about 400 feet tall and 700 feet wide. In present day, if one was to see the pyramids in person they'd be able to see the aging in the structures features. These ancient Egyptian pyramids stand as tall as some of today's skyscraper. These three pyramids have given people today an abundance of knowledge about how these types of ancient structures were constructed.

The Great Pyramid

Although these three ancient pyramids stand massively, the oldest and largest of them all is the Great Pyramid. Dating back to around 2560 BC is when the construction of the pyramid was started. The reasoning behind the building of the pyramid was to be a tomb for the ruler Khufu. It took an astonishing 20 years to complete. At the time of completion, the pyramid covered 13 acres at its base and weighed about 6 million tons. In the article, Egypt- Secrets of an Ancient World, it explains to us that, "The pyramid has three burial chambers. The first is underground, carved into bedrock. The second, aboveground chamber was called the queen's chamber by early explorers...." and lastly that, "The third is the king's chamber, which held a red granite sarcophagus placed almost exactly at the center of the pyramid." The construction of the Great Pyramid influenced later generations of building.
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Khafre and Menkaure: The Following Pyramids

As a result of the Great Pyramid being constructed, two more pyramids were built shortly after. These pyramid were built for the same reason; to act as a cemetery for pharaohs, queens, and other people of high power at the time. Building these pyramids took thousands of slaves and paid labors to transport the huge stones. Harvard magazine states that, "To raise it, laborers moved into position 6.5 million tons of stone— some in blocks as large as 9 tons— with nothing but wood and rope." This shows the effort that many people went to in building these pyramids that are still standing today.

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Wonders Of The World

Today, tourists continue to visit this extraordinary landmark to admire its design. The three pyramids show great knowledge of ancient people and will continue to show this through its aging process. Many people will continue to visit this structure, as it is one of the seven wonders of the world, and will most likely continue to be.

Sources Cited

Pyramids. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2015.

N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.

Ancient Code. N.p., 20 Jan. 2014. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.

National Geographic: Egypt--Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza. N.p., 23 Nov. 2015. Web. 08 Nov. 2015.

Khan Academy. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.