The Bill of Rights

By: Preston Taylor U.S. History Period 7

What is the Bill of Rights?

The Bill of rights is the first 10 amendments in the United States constitution; these are the 10 rights that cannot be taken away from any United States citizen.

Amendment 1: Freedom of Speech, Religion, and the Press

You can say anything that you want to say, and if you have an issue with the government go and tell them they cannot stop you. You are allowed to follow any religion that you want to follow.

Court Case: Charles T. Shenk v. United States

Charles said that there has to be a limit to the freedom of speech, because if we didn't we could yell "fire" in a theater and cause panic.

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Amendment 2: Right to Bear Arms (weapons)

The people of the state must serve as soldiers to protect the colony, and they have the right to protect themselves. They may own weapons.

Court Case: Blliss v. Commenwealth

Bliss said that the state fining him for caring his sword around violated the second amendment, and the supreme court agreed.

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Amendment 3: The Right to Privacy in Home

Soldiers can't just barge into your house into your house and eat your food and sleep in your bed during the time of peace and/or war.

Court Case: Nevada Man

The guy the felt that the police infiltrated his house, but the ruling was that the police do not count as soldiers.

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Amendment 4: Unreasonable Search and Seizure

No man, person, can just barge into your house and search your stuff and possible even search yourself.3

Court Case: Arizona v. Evans

Evans items were searched without a warrant, and the court said that it is okay.

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Amendment 5: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process of Law

When being tried for a crime, if you are found not guilty they cannot try you for the crime again.

Court Case: Dolan V. City of Tigard

Dolan applied a permit to expand her store, and Tigard was going to let her but Tigard said she had to give up some land to the public, it was proven it violated her right.

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Amendment 6: The Rights of the Accused Criminal Cases

You don't have to wait for years for a court case. You have the right to tell your side of the story.

Court Case: Barker v. Wingo

Barkers trail was sold to be a a "speedy" one for when he applied.

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Amendment 7: The Rights to a Jury Trial

Juries watch over court cases with large amount of money involved, and/or it is a civil court case.

Court Case: Mets v. New York

The Mets said that because of the bankruptcy law they didn't have to see a jury for this case, but they ruled the amendment that said they could.

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Amendment 8: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment

You should get the right punishment for your crime and it shouldn't be cruel or unusual for that crime.

Court Case: Furman v. Gogeria

Three men were in court and they were going to be given the death penalty but they decided that for what they did this would be cruel and unusual punishment.

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Amendment 9: Rights Retained by the People

This list isn't the only rights that the people have.

Court Case: Grisworld v. Connecticut

Grisworld was teaching married couples about birth control, and the court ruled that the government was in the privacy of the couples.

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Amendment 10: Limiting Federal Powers

If it doesn't say that the states can't do it then they can do it.

Court Case: Hammer v. Dogen Hart

It was heard that he was working underage children, and they started passing laws about that, but they said that the laws were later found unconstitutional.

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