All About Puerto Rico

U.S. Territory

Background Information

The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. Two of this country's major cities are Ponce and Aguadilla. In the past, this land was controlled by Spain, which is why Spanish is often spoken there. In late 1898, Puerto Rico gained independence from Spain, then became an American territory. Puerto Rico's two official languages are Spanish and English.


Location and Features

Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea, east of the Dominican Republic. It is part of the Greater Antilles island chain and is northwest of the Lesser Antilles. A few of Puerto Rico's physical features include the Cerro de Punta, an abundance of beaches, and the Cordillera Central mountain range that stretches across over half of the island's land. The Cerro de Punta is the highest peak in the large mountain range. Some of Puerto Rico's beaches include the Luquillo Beach, Rosado Beach, and the Playa de Ponce.


Puerto Rico is a Democratic Republic, as it is part of the United States. The president is Barack Obama. Puerto Rico has no major issues with any other nations. In fact, this island has developed a few programs for the welfare of the citizens and has participated in many others.


Puerto Rico uses the American dollar and it is a system of capitalism. This island imports items such as chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, and petroleum products. Some of the countries that Puerto Rico imports these items from are the United States, Ireland, and Japan. Puerto Rico's exports include apparel, electronics, canned tuna, rum, medical equipment, chemicals, and beverage concentrates. Export partners include the United States, the United Kingdom, the Dominican Republic, and the Netherlands.


Puerto Rico has many different locations for touring and has many resorts. Several of its cities are full of culture and there are often festivals and parties held in public places. Cities like Ponce have historical buildings that are very interesting and wonderful to visit. As an island, Puerto Rico has many beaches, which attracts visitors. Along with these beaches, the island has a long chain of mountains, the Cordillera Central, which includes different peaks and hills that tourists can hike on.