Aristotle

Greek Philosopher

Aristotles Life

Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira. At 17 he attended Plato's Academy. Alexander the Great was tutored by him in 338 and in 338 Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens. Aristotle spent the rest of his life in Athens studying, teaching, and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C..

Aristotle Growing Up

Both of his parents were members of traditional medical families, and his father, Nicomachus, served as court physician to King Amyntus III of Macedonia. His parents died while he was young, and he was likely raised at his family’s home in Stagira.At age 17 he was sent to Athens to enroll in Plato’s Academy. He spent 20 years as a student and teacher at the school, emerging with both a great respect and a good deal of criticism for his teacher’s theories. Plato’s own later writings, in which he softened some earlier positions, likely bear the mark of repeated discussions with his most gifted student.

Philosophy

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. Aristotle is know for contributing to every aspect of human knowledge, from logic to biology to ethics and aesthetics. He worked on the nature of matter and change. He also studied Metaphysics, a quasi-theological investigation of existence itself.

How he influenced Government

What he believed in

Government should govern for the good of the people, not for the good of those in power. Authority, or, failing that, blends democratic and oligarchic influences in society to approximate to that outcome. A pure democracy can easily turn into a tyranny of the majority.

Refrences

"Aristotle." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.

"Aristotle Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.

Pakaluk, Michael. "Aristotle | Natural Law, Natural Rights, and American Constitutionalism Aristotle | Natural Law, Natural Rights, and American Constitutionalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2014.