1960s Summary

Nicole Gaethke

Vietnam

The Vietnam War began in 1959 and ended on April 30, 1975. The US allied with South Korea and fought North Korea. The goal of the war was to stop the spread of communism. The United States eventually pulled out of the war and North Korea won.


Key Laws

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964- Prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, sex, and national origin.
  • 24th Amendment- Stopped discrimination in federal elections.
  • 25th Amendment- Handled succession issues if death or president or world leaders occurred.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution- Gave president power to send troops overseas without Congress approval.

Supreme Court Decisions

  • Mapp vs. Ohio- Dolley Mapp's house was searched without proof of a search warrant. He was tried and jailed after illegal items were found in his house.
  • Terry vs. Ohio- In 1968 police stopped two men on the street because they though they obtained weapons. "Stop and Frisk" was enforced and they discovered the men had firearms.


Cost of Living

Average Income- $5,199

Minimum Wage- $1.25

Stamps- $0.5

New car- $2,275

Lifestyle

In this decade, the baby boomers were becoming teenagers creating the "age of the youth." Teenagers found themselves with social unrest, more freedom, increase of scandal, and a loss of innocence. Men wore a more brighter variety of clothing and woman wore mini skirts and go-go boots.