The American Civil War
Battle of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg (P.N)
The Battle of Antietam
2 Main Generals: George B. McClellan and Robert E. Lee
On September 17, 1862 the Battle of Antietam broke out in Sharpsburg, Mayland when Lee and his troops marched into a cornfield but the Union lead by McClellan fired. Over 2,000 confederate troops died in approximately 8 hours. Upon the union winning, caused Lincon to issue the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862 which allowed to free the slaves in the rebellious states.
Battle of Gettysburg
2 Main Generals: Lee and George Meade
In July 11863 at 7;30 a.m in Pennsylvania held the most important and bloodiest war. While the confederates came to retrieve some supplies in Gettysburg, Lee did not plan to fight in a territory he had no information on. However he encountered an unfortunate thing which was the enemy. His troops left the land 3 terrible days after that while managing to lose 25,000 of his troops even thought the Union won they also lost about 23,000 troops.
The south tried to drive the union from the hills (big and little round top) but union forces lead by general George Meade held his stand.
Lee ordered an attack to make a panic in the union. they fired almost 140 cannons at the union.
The battle ended the confederates hope in receiving the assistance from Britain and France.
Gettysburg Address: November 19, 1863 citizens and officials gathered to dedicate the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg. Abe Lincon spoke for only 2 minutes in 272 words which honored those who gave up their lives and described what he wanted for the country
Battle of Vicksburg
2 Main Generals: Lee and Ulysses S. Grant
Lee retreated from Gettysburg in July 4. Meanwhile the confederacy suffered another fail. The most important river ,Mississippi was under the control of Grant. He had first attacked Vicksburg in April. His troops surrounded the confederate troops. In May Grant began to siege the town. the siege lasted for 47 days over 9,000 confederate and 10,000 union casualties. Many soldiers died of starvation or disease but less then 20 citizens died during the siege. This caused the confederacy to lose Port Hudson in Louisiana. The union divided the south into two parts which cut of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas from the confederacy. Now the Union was in an advantage.