Grassland Biome

By: Arian Khadivi

Basic

There are many different plants and animals in the grassland biome. A several of the plants are, buffalo grass, Indian grass, and milkweed. Some of the animals are bobcats, prairie dogs, bumble bees, and coyotes. The grassland in North America are called prairies. In these prairies, there is both tall and short grass. In the long grass prairies, there are hot summers and cold winters. They are wet and humid while short grass prairies are dry. In the short grass prairies, there are hot summers and brutal winters. The average temperature is 20 degrees F in January, and 70 degrees F in July.



Plant life

The plant life in a grassland is mostly grass. There are several types of grasses. there are tall and short grasses. There are also some plants and flowers. Such as the purple cone flower. Plants are able to adapt to their environment in order to survive. One way plants adapt is how shrubs re sprout quickly after fires. That is their way of being able to reproduce and stay alive. Another way is that prairie grasses have soft stems, so they are able to move with the wind, and not break off. In short grass prairies,it is mostly dry, so the roots of the grasses go deep down into the soil in order to preserve the water. Some prairie trees have a thick bark so that they don't get damaged by the fire. Grasses grow near their tips, that way, if they are not damaged by grazing, or fires.
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Animal Life.

There is a variety of different animals in the grassland. Some of these animals include, hawks, wolves, zebras, cheetahs, hyenas, etc... Animals have to adapt and change to the land to increase their chances of survival. One way they do this, is shown by how some animals have broad flat topped teeth in order to chew and eat grass. when prairie animals feel as if they are in danger and need to burrow into the ground, they have front legs and paws so they are able to do so. Their colors also blend into their habitat, and that also helps hide from their predators. Animals are also quick on their feel, in case their predator spots them and they have to get away. Since the prairie is mostly active at night, most animals have adapted to the nocturnal life.


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Animal Cooperation, Competition, Predators, and Pray.

In order to stay alive, animals often cooperate or help the other animals in their niche. When meerkats stand guard for predators, they warn and help save others in their species. An inter specific way of cooperation is when zebras and wildebeests warn each other of the presence of their predators. An example of competition is when lions and hyenas both compete for the same limited resource, such as wildebeest. Another example of competition is when all the giraffes compete for the same trees to eat. There are many predator/ prey relationships in grasslands. One example is zebras are prey to cheetahs. The zebras are predators to hyena, and the hyena are prey to the zebra. Elephants are predators to the trees. The giraffe's prey is the grass.


Fun Fact!

People set fires in grasslands on purpose to make sure the shrubs don't get out of control. They set fires to maintain the balance of all the resources.


Ecological Concerns

People have endangered the grassland and its species in many ways. People have introduced non-native grasses to the area. People have also fenced some sections of grasslands, and that effects the animals and their feeding patterns. The Asian Elephants, the Grevy's Zebra and the Black Footed Ferret are all endangered species that are a part of the grassland. Grasslands are very important, because they play a huge part in the carbon cycle.