Stroke

Anthony Roberts

History

2,400 years ago it was not known what caused a stroke. It used to be called apoplexy meaning "struck down by violence" in Greek. Later on the cause of a stroke was discovered in the mid-1600s.

Brain Impact

Strokes occur in the brain. A clot forms and the artery ruptures, bleeding out and cause damage to the area in the brain.
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Symptoms

  • Difficulty walking
  • Weak muscles
  • Visual loss
  • Paralysis
  • Speech loss
  • Numbness
  • And more

Other Impacts

Central Nervous System impact

Strokes can cause serious damage to the brain. When a side of the brain is affected, it can cause complications with that side of the body. Complications such as numbness and paralysis.

Endocrine System Impact

The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are located in the brain. If a stroke were to occur in those areas it would cause the secretion of hormones to stop. Our bodies need hormones to continue homeostasis.

Heredity

Families that have a history of members having strokes have a higher chance of having them than families who don't.

Percentage

12% of deaths in the US are caused by strokes.

Fun Facts

  • More than 140,000 people die each year from a stroke
  • Strokes are the leading cause of disabilities
  • Can occur at any age
  • A stroke happens every 40 seconds in the US