Computer Components

By: Seren, Hannah, Thea and Jess

Computer Components

Hi, my name is Seren and I share this acount with my friend Hannah, Jess and Thea.

Today I will be talking about computer components I am11 years old and a Year 7 student at Ysgol Bryn Elian.


Here are about Ccomputer conponents.


RAM:


A-RAM, Advanced-Random Access Memory is a DRAM memory based on single-transistor capacitor-less cells. A-RAM was invented in 2009 at the University of Granada, UGR (Spain) in collaboration with the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS (France). It was conceived by Noel Rodriguez (UGR), Francisco Gamiz (UGR) and Sorin Cristoloveanu (CNRS). A-RAM is compatible with single-gate silion on insulator (SOI), double-gate, FinFETs and multiple-gate FETs (MuFETs). [clarification needed]

The conventional 1-Transistor + 1-Capacitor DRAM is extensively used in the semiconductor industry for manufacturing high density dynamic memories. Beyond the 45 nm node, the DRAM industry will need new concepts avoiding the miniaturization issue of the memory-cell capacitor. The 1T-DRAM family of memories, where the A-RAM is included, replaces the storage capacitor for the floating body of SOI transistors to store the charge.


Hard Drive:

Alternatively referred to as a hard disk drive and abbreviated as HD or HDD, thehard drive is the computer's main storage media device that permanently stores all data on the computer. The hard drive was first introduced on September 13, 1956 and consists of one or more hard drive platters inside of air sealed casing. Most computer hard drives are in an internal drive bay at the front of the computer and connect to themotherboard using either ATA, CSCI, or a SATA cable and power cable. Below, is a picture of what the inside of a hard drive looks like for a desktop and laptop hard drive.


Graphics Card:

A graphic designer is a professional within the graphic design and graphic design industry who assembles together images, typography, or motion graphics to create a piece of design. A graphic designer creates the graphics primarily for published, printed or electronic media, such as brochures (sometimes) and advertising. They are also sometimes responsible for typesetting,illustration, user interfaces, web design, or take a teaching position. A core responsibility of the designer's job is to present information in a way that is both accessible and memorable.


PCI:

PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard designed to replace the older PCI. PC1-X and AGP bus standards. PCIe has numerous improvements over the aforementioned bus standards, including higher maximum system bus throughput, lower I/O pin count and smaller physical footprint, better performance-scaling for bus devices, a more detailed error detection and reporting mechanism (Advanced Error Reporting (AER), and native hot-plug functionality. More recent revisions of the PCIe standard support hardware I/O virtualization.

The PCIe electrical interface is also used in a variety of other standards, most notably Ecpress Card, a laptop expansion card interface.

Format specifications are maintained and developed by the PCI-SIG (PCI Special Interest Group), a group of more than 900 companies that also maintain the conventional PCI specifications. PCIe 3.0 is the latest standard for expansion cards that is in production and available on mainstream Personal Computer.


PCI-E

Can you really believe it's been six years since we first saw PCI-Express? Even PCI-Express 2.0 has been around since 2007, and three years later, here we are with the next generation ratified and ready to roll.

Well, we won't see it until next year (maybe), when the first hardware to include PCI-Express 3.0, Sandy Bridge-E 'Patsburg' on LGA2011, is rumoured to start shipping. At this early stage AMD looks to miss out, as its Bulldozer compatible 900-chipsets are rumoured to only support PCI-Express 2.0.

Depending on how consumer-orientated LGA1366's replacement, Sandy Bridge-E, is next year, most of us will probably see PCI-Express 3.0 when Ivy Bridge arrives in early 2012. Again, that's still speculation as Intel has not officially announced the details of either.


Fan:

A computer fan is any fan inside, or attached to, a computer case used for active cooling, and may refer to fans that draw cooler air into the case from the outside, expel warm air from inside, or move air across a heat sink to cool a particular component.


Processor: