Criminal Justice System
9 basic steps of the criminal justice system
Investigation and Arrest or Citation
If the suspect was not arrested at the time the crime was committed the officers will investigate the criminal until they have enough evidence to charge them. If there is already enough evidence present and they can not find the suspect they will issue a warrant for their arrest.
Criminal is taken before a judge (within 24 hours) who approves that the individual was properly charged. They set a bail amount and they decide the amount based on if you are a danger to the community. If you bay for bail you may go home until trail and if you dont you sit in jail until trail.
If plea negotiations are not successful, the case goes to trail. A trail usually consists of the following steps: an opening Statement for the State and the Defense, State's witnesses and evidence, Defense's witnesses and evidence, closing arguments, Court's instructions to the jury, and the Jury's deliberation and verdict. If the defendant is not guilty they go home but if they are guilty then they go to sentencing.