American Revolution Project
For Social Studies 9 By Siera Zandvliet
Activity 1 - Important People/Events of the American Revoloution
Boston Tea Party
"Sons of Liberty"
Image Depicting the Struggle for Independance
Image of the Boston Tea Party
Activity 2 - 8 Major Battle Summaries
1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord
1776 Battle of Long Island
1776 Battle Trenton
1777 Battle of Germantown
1778 Battle of Monmouth
1778 Capture of Savannah
1780 Siege of Charleston
1781 Battle of Cowpens
Major Battle Summary
1781 Battle of Yorktown
The battle began when lord Cornwallis, the British commander, began to lose control of the carolinas. Cornwallis decided to send his troops to Yorktown, Virginia and capture the city. After hearing the news of this, general Washington (the colonies commander) and General de Rochambeau (the French commander) marched their troops to Virginia. They immediately formed a circle around Yorktown in traditional siege formation; intending to starve the British inot surrender. On October 9th the americains began artillery bombardment on the town, causing the British to lose much of their own amo in retaliation.
On October 19th, 1781 lord Cornwallis finally called for surrender due to their lack of ammunition and quickly dwindling food supply. The battle ended with a total of 381 casualties in both sides. The surrender made the colonies and the French the obvious winners and this marked the end of battles for the americain revolutionary war.
In conclusion the americains strong strategies seemed to result in their overall success in the americain fight for their independance.
Activity 3 - Outcomes of the American Revoloutin
Declaration of Independance, Treaty of Paris and the Global Effect
The Declaration of Independence was an official document declaring that the colonists were to become their own nation and that they had the right to declare war against the British. It also included a detailed account of why they wanted to have their own independence. It was signed by all 13 governors of the 13 colonies of America. This document inspired other nations to rebel against their oppressors in the future and has led to making life better for a lot of people. This document was also one of the first documents to suggest that men and women are equal. In addition, this document was so influential that Americans today celebrate it every year on the anniversary of its signing, July 4th, also known as Independence Day!
The Treaty of Paris (signed by both the 13 colonies and British officials on September, 3rd, 1783) was the document that officially ended the American Revolutionary war. It was a document securing peace with Britain and other allied countries (France, Spain, etc.). The document said that the British were to recognize the independence of the new nation. It also set land boundaries, fishing rights and allowed for the exchange of money between citizens of different countries and opened up the Mississippi River for the use of both nations. The colonists agreed to pay all owed debts and allow any remaining British people to leave the country safely. This document was rather influential because of it being the document to end the war, other countries later used this document or their own renditions of it to make peace among themselves.
The global effect of the American Revolution is basically explaining how the revolution effected the world. The revolution had a major impact globally and there are 2 main reasons how. Firstly, since the American Revolution was fought between a magnificent world power and an untrained underdog group of colonies, the fact that the colonists won is pretty huge. This taught the world that even when the odds don't seem to be in your favour, having the courage to carry on and fight for what you believe in can have a positive outcome. The win for the colonists also brought them together under one nation after they realised how good they work together, this shows that working in teams can make a significant difference. Secondly, since the overall outcome of the revolution for the colonists was so great, it inspired other nations in the future to fight for fairness and equality in their own societies.
In conclusion the outcome of the American Revolution was imperative for us to live the way we do today.
Activity 4 - Central Question
"Was the American Revolution Justified?"
After the colonies had settled they began to self-govern and exist peacefully, this was working just fine until the British decided to exploit them. The British transferred their own problems onto the 13 colonies, which was extremely unfair; they did this through over taxation without representation and by denying them the right that the average British man had, even though the colonists were British citizens. This was the reason (among some others) that the revolution began.
In the Declaration of Independence (drafted by Thomas Jefferson and signed by a governor representing each of the 13 colonies) the leaders of colonies called for war against the British and gave a long and detailed list of what they felt were mistreatments or injustices.
When the war finally ended and the colonists won their independence, their win against the British inspired other countries to fight for freedom. It also showed that even the strongest world powers could be defeated. The result of the Americans winning their independence has also benefited us Canadians in the sense that us sharing a continent with a mighty world power has protected us from invasions and other threats.
So, in my opinion the American Revolution was justified because it not only joined 13 independent states under one nation, but also inspired others to follow suit.