The Atlantic Ocean

By: Olivia Mason & Rylee Mcgirt

Where is the location of the Atlantic Ocean?

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What is the geography of the Atlantic Ocean?

Extent and Seas:

The Atlantic Ocean extends in an S shape from the arctic to the antarctic regions between North and South America on the west and Europe and Africa on the east. It is connected with the Arctic ocean by the Greenland Sea and Smith Sound.


The Caribbean, British Isles, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Newfoundland, and the Bahamas.

Ocean Floor:

The floor of the Atlantic Ocean has an average depth of c. 12,000 ft (3,660 m.)

What are some Abiotic and Biotic factors in the Atlantic Ocean?


Manatee, Humpback Whale, Sea Lion, Atlantic Ghost Crab, Catfish, Starfish, Algae, Grey Atlantic Sea, Green Sea Turtle, Penguin, Sand Dollars, Shrimp, Flounder, Seaweed/Sea-grass, Stingray, and Coral Reefs.

Biotic:of, relating to, or resulting from living things, especially in their ecological relations.


light, temperature, salinity, nutrients, rocks, pollution, tides, trenches, mid Atlantic ridges, sea mounts, hydro thermal vents

Abiotic: physical rather than biological; not derived from living organisms.

Defining Terms

Producers: Primary producers are organisms in an ecosystem that produce biomass from inorganic compounds (autotrophs). In almost all cases these are photo synthetically active organisms (plants, cyanobacteria and a number of other unicellular organisms; see article on photosynthesis).

Consumer: Consumers are organisms of an ecological food chain that receive energy by consuming other organisms. These organisms are formally referred to as heterotrophs, which include animals, bacteria and fungi.

Decompose: Organic matter is recycled in an ecosystem by decomposers. Decomposers are organisms such as bacteria and fungi that break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals. As the decomposers feed from the dead animals, they break down the organic compounds into simple nutrients.


coexistence - to live with or close to another usually in peace. A married couple living together is an example of coexist. For example, two plants growing in the same container.

cooperation - mutually beneficial interaction among organisms living in a limited area.

competition - the struggle among organisms, both of the same and of the different species, for food, space , and other vital requirements.

parasitism - a relation between organisms in which one lives as a parasite on another.

mutualism - a relationship between two species in which both benefit from the association.


Water, Carbon, and Nitrogen summary By: Olivia Mason

The water in the Atlantic Ocean is how it interacts with the environment.

Nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, are essential for plant and animal growth and nourishment, but the overabundance of certain nutrients in water can cause a number of adverse health and ecological effects. Nitrogen, in the forms of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonia, is a nutrient needed for plant growth. About 78% of the air that we breathe is composed of nitrogen gas, and in some areas of the United States, particularly the northeast, certain forms of nitrogen are commonly deposited in acid rain.

Carbon filtering is a method of filtering that uses a bed of activated carbonation to remove contaminants and impurities, using chemical absoration