Or the study of people doing things

Wherein your blood matters not

Behaviorism is an old theory of psychology that relies almost entirely on learned behavior rather than an active consciousness. Behaviorists view the innate as irrelevant, and even false - consciousness does not truly exist, but is in fact a reflection of all behavior currently exhibited by an individual, and thus transient. Behavior consists of learned reactions to various stimuli, the learning of which comes through experience and conditioning.

Ivan Pavlov, Dogfather of Behaviorism

Pavlov, a Russian psychologist, unearthed the basis of behaviorism with his experiments with conditioning - manufacturing responses to specified and selected stimuli - on dogs. The experiments resulted in Pavlov causing dogs to salivate at the tone of a bell, proving that at least canines responded to psychological conditioning and signifying that the subject deserved greater scrutiny.

Timeline of Behaviorism

Early 20th century - Ivan Pavlov discovers the conditioning reflex, develops the first iteration of classical conditioning; 1913 - Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It is published by John Watson, outlining Behaviorism as a whole and popularizing it in the American field; 1936 - B.F. Skinner wrote "The Behavior of Organisms" to introduce the concepts of operant conditioning and shaping; 1963 - Alfred Bandura publishes "Social Leaning Theory and Personality development" and combines cognitive and behavioral standpoints to create a more cohesive field; 1971 - Skinner publishes "Beyond Freedom and Dignity", arguing that free will is an illusion created by learned behavior; after the 20th century, Behaviorism as a psychological theory lost its large-scale relevance in the field.