Shin Splints


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Cause of Abnormality

Shin splints usually affect people who are involved in heavy physical activity. You can often develop shin splints if you participate in strenuous physical activities. Sports such as tennis, soccer, lacrosse, football, and basketball often have the highest percentage of athletes suffering from shin splints.

Additional causes of shin splints include:

  • Muscle weakness in the thighs or buttocks
  • Lack of flexibility
  • Improper training techniques
  • Running up or down hills
  • Running on hard surfaces


People who suffer from shin splints often will experience the following:

  • Pain on either side of the shin bone
  • Muscle pain
  • Pain along the inner lower leg
  • Swelling in the lower leg
  • Numb or weakness in the foot


When you have recovered from your shin splints, you may benefit from seeing a specialist such as a sports physical therapist. Often a trainer will alternate your normal workout to coincide with your injury. They may suggest the insertion of an insole inside your shoes. Often it takes up to two weeks before returning to a normal sport or workout.

Shin Splints are not a life threatening disorder. There are many options to consider when choosing a treatment. When I was suffering from my shin splints injury I was able to participate within 2 weeks. I purchased my compression socks which helped elevate the pain

Treatment of Symptoms

Common treatments include:

  • Elevation in the leg- Elevation helps to reduce the swelling
  • Use of icepacks (This often reduces the swelling)
  • Any sort of pain medication (Advil, Tylenol)
  • Elastic compression bandages - Strip of this bandage can target and allow pressure to be set on the injury
  • Compression socks (Pictured)- I love my compression socks because they allow me to run on harder surfaces without messing up my shin splints. They are tight to allow pressure but this tightness stops the formation of swelling


Doctors will often diagnosis shin splints during a physical exam. Often a physical trainer for your sport will be doing the main diagnosis. Doctors will also do x-rays if they think the injury results in further damage to the bone.

Personal Example:

When I was diagnosed with shin splints my lacrosse trainer was the one who diagnosed me. He had to carry me off the field after experiencing so much internal pain. He was able to tell by the swelling in my leg what was the cause.


Incidence Rate & Location

Incidence Rate

  • About 13% of runners experience shin splints
  • About 60% of athletics overuse their lower leg
  • 4-35% occurrence rate

Geographic Location

There is no geographic location. Shin splints can happen all over the world. An sports player, runner, jogger, military personal, and person on their feet can experience shin splints.

By, Karlie Miscia