How to Survive a Nuclear Holocaust
Darby Trimble, Daryl Rutherford, Aaron Brown, Nicole Muro
A nuclear holocaust may soon be upon us, but we can help you survive
We will provide water, food, shelter, oxygen, heat and cooling, and waste management.
Survival from Alpha,Beta and Gamma Rays
Surviving from radiation you will need:
- consume 5 grams of vitamin C a day.
- decrease meat consumption.
- reduce or eliminate dairy products.
- reduce or eliminate sugar consumption.
- eat 5 servings of fruit and vegetables.
- increase fiber consumption.
- consume iodine.
- wash down any contaminated areas.
- wear masks.
- keep everything sealed.
- find a clean water source.
- expose of waste responsibly.
- when outside wear protective clothing, and cover all skin areas.
- need radiation detector.
- Not able to penetrate the human and animal skin.
- Harmful if materials are inhaled or swallowed.
- Travels a short distance through the air.
- decays soils.
- less dangerous.
- affects lungs.
- Travels in meters through air.
- Moderately penetrating.
- Can penetrate skin to the "Germinal layer".
- Can be harmful if materials are deposited internally .
- Need to wear clothing/gear to protect your skin.
- second most dangerous.
- long term damage to genetics.
- chronic affects: bone and teeth.
Medical Effects of Radiation Exposure
- Cancer is the primary effect from radiation
- Can cause mutations (changes in DNA)
- Genetic mutations can be passed onto offspring
- Teratogenic mutations are effects on unborn children, these can include: Smaller head or brain size, poorly formed eyes, abnormally slow growth, and mental retardation
- Symptoms of radiation sickness: Nausea, weakness, hair loss, skin burns, diminished organ function
Atomic Bomb in Hiroshima- Effects
- Over 90% of people within 500 meters died instantly
- Most people close to ground zero died immediately or during the first day
- After 3 or 4 months people suffered from disfiguration, severe scar formations, sterility (both sexes), and psychosomatic disorders
- Now (over half a century later) victims still suffer from leukemia, A-Bomb cataracts, cancers of the thyroid, breast, lungs, salivary glands, birth defects, mental retardation, fear of birth defects in children, and disfiguring keloid scars (overgrowth of scar tissue on wound surface)
Keloid Scars from radiation
(A thick belt prevented his waist from being effected)
More Keloid Scars
This woman's white blouse protected her from the intense heat
environmental effects of radiation exposure
- causes pollution so plants cannot grow normally
- radiation can be fatal to humans & animals
- effects on reproductive capacity
- mortality, body weight changes
- enormous losses in biomass productivity
- sub freezes temperatures,low light levels
fusion and fission reactions .
Nuclear fusion is when a atomic nucleus is split into 2 or more smaller nuclei.
Nuclear fission is when 2 or more atomic nuclei collide together at a very high speed, to make a new type of nucleus.
When both of these nuclear fusion and fission happen there is a huge explosion that is very dangerous.
Fission vs. Fusion Nukes