How to Improve Race Relations
Written By: Josh Platt
The Beginning of Slavery
Slaves in America were treated very poorly. Slaves had to work from sunrise until sunset and barely got any sleep. They only got one meal a day, some had two including a very small breakfast. They got to sleep on straw on a dirt floor. They also sometimes got a blanket. Slaves were not allowed to go to school, marry white women, vote, own land, or get jobs. they were in fact encouraged to marry among other slaves and have children for the slave owner to have after the parents died. If slaves were ever caught running away, eating sugar cane, or theft, punishments were getting whipped, beaten with a stick, getting bones broke, or getting locked in a cage with no food or water for a certain amount of time.
It took until 1865 for slavery to be illegal in the United States with the 13th amendment in the United States Constitution. Before the 13th amendment, in 1863, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This declared that "All people held as a slave within the rebellious states, are and henceforth shall be free." This proclamation changed the motives to win the war. Instead of the war deciding whether the Confederacy would be independent or not, it would decide whether we would continue to keep slaves or for slavery to be outlawed. There were many well known men in women throughout history that supported the outlawing of slavery including Frederick Douglass, President Abraham Lincoln, William Lloyd Garrison, Harriet Tubman, and Susan B Anthony. These men and women were know as abolitionists.
President Abraham Lincoln
President Lincoln didn't start his presidency as an abolitionist. He also didn't start the American Civil War to end slavery. But as the war progressed he realized that slavery needed to end. So in 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation
Slave ships carried African natives from Africa across the Atlantic to America to sold into slavery. A smaller slave ship could hold around 250 to 350 slaves on board. While a large slave ship could hold up to 600 slaves on board. The picture above is the interior of a slave ship.
As you can see, some save houses were very small. Slaves had very little space to sleep. They got to sleep on straw on the ground with only one blanket. They also normally got one meal a day, and if your lucky got a very small breakfast.
President Abraham Lincoln
Plan to Improve Race Relations in America
Race Relations In America Today
The legacy of slavery has contributed to these racial tensions in America today. Slavery has made a large impact on whites and blacks in America today. White men and women are ashamed of what they did to African Americans during slavery. We took them from their homes, separated families, treated them like property, we didn't even look at them as human beings. Even though it wasn't us that did these terrible things, it's horrible to think our ancestors did them.
The idea I have to improve race relations is to create a new class for schools across America. The class will be called, "Race Relations". It will be available to every school in America for first to twelve graders. Children's parents can choose to enroll them into this class for the whole school year or have of the school year. In this class, kids will be taught about multiple races history and culture including African, American, Mexican, Italian, Chinese, Korean, and French.