21st Century Literacy & Big6

An introduction

Why are we talking about Big6?

Using a single research program has been a long-time goal of Ketchikan school librarians... And now, with so much attention on the issue of "fake news", it seemed like a great time to talk about research, and how we evaluate what we hear and read.
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What did they do?


Over the last year and a half, the Stanford History Education Group has prototyped, feld
tested, and validated a bank of assessments that tap civic online reasoning—the ability to judge the credibility of information that floods young people’s smartphones, tablets, and computers.

Between January 2015 and June 2016, we administered 56 tasks to students across 12
states. In total, we collected and analyzed 7,804 student responses.

What did they find out?

" Overall, young people's ability to reason about the information on the Internet can be summed up in one word: bleak."

Why do we care about this?

"To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the needed information"

(American Library Association, 1989)

Alaska Standards

Alaska ELA & Math Standards, 2012

Introduction, p.4-5:

Students who are college and career ready…

Demonstrate independence.

Build strong content knowledge.

Value evidence.

Use technology and digital media strategically and capably.

Can you repeat that?

"They use technology and digital media strategically and capably."

"Students employ technology thoughtfully to enhance their reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language use. They tailor their searches online to acquire useful information efficiently, and they integrate what they learn using technology with what they learn offline. They are familiar with the strengths and limitations of various technological tools and media and can select and use those best suited to their communication goals."

So what do we do now?

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SLJ: "Teaching Information Literacy Now"

'Teaching Information Literacy Now"
Laura Gardner, School Library Journal. November 2016.
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SLJ: "The Smell Test"

One way to look at research

The Big6 Research Model
by Mike Eisenberg
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Why Big6?

According to Big6 instructor Colet Bartow:

*Our students are lacking needed skills in media literacy
*We need a process that can be used in any situation
*"Fake news" gives us a reason to work together!

What do Ketchikan educators like about this model?
*Cyclical nature of research model
*A focus on credible resources
*Built in emphasis on note taking
*Shared language for research:
Super3 for primary
Big6 for intermediate and secondary

So what is Big6?

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Astroturf and manipulation of media messages | Sharyl Attkisson | TEDxUniversityofNevada


Check out this new game, and see if YOU can spot fake news: