Canada 2050

What Canada Will Look like in 2050

In 2050 Canada will be transformed into a world that is different from today. By understanding our country's past and present we can predict what our future might look like. This is what I think Canada will look like...

Demography

In 2013 Canada’s total population was 35,158.3 thousand people, 50.4% of the population was females. (Statistics Canada) The current birth rate is 1.63 births per woman (Google Public Data Explorer), the estimated amount of deaths in 2013 was 253,241(Statistics Canada). “In 2012, about 53.6% of Canadians aged 15 and over had trade certificates, college diplomas and university degrees. This was an increase of 20.9 percentage points since 1990” (Learning - Educational Attainment). As the years progress people are become more educated and are deciding to continue with their education post-secondary. This means that if people are choosing to continue to go to school, then they will most likely chose to have a family later on in life. This will affect the birth rate since the older they are harder it is for women to have kids. In 2050 I think people will live longer lives and there will be lower death rates because of the advancements in technology and our knowledge about things. However I think that the birth rate will stay the same at about 1.63 (Google Public Data Explorer) because as people become more educated, they realise that they don’t want or need as many kids as people 50 or 100 years ago did. So they average family size in 2050 will be 4 people, 2 parents and 2 kids. In 2050 I predict that the natural increase rate will increase as shown in the graph on the right. Even though the number of kids being born more or less stays the same, the death rate is decreasing. So instead of dying those people will live longer and contribute to the total population. The graph shows that the number of people ages 0-14 stay the same starting at the year 2000, while the number of people who are 15-64 and the number of people who are 65+ are increasing, therefore having an overall population increase.

Immigration

Last year there were a total of 132,781 permanent immigrant residents, of the 132,781 immigrants 44,581 were family class, 74,183 economic immigrants, 10,291 refugees and 3,726 were other immigrants (CIC). As the graph below shows, the majority of Canada's immigrants came from Asia, the second most places or origin is Europe. Compared to 1971 when 78.3% of Canada's immigrants came from Europe. The reason why there is a big difference in the number of immigrants from Asia in 1971 and today is the points system changed in 1967, also since many Chinese men immigrated to Canada in the 1800s, they later had to sponsor their families to Canada as well (CBC Digital Archives). In 2050 I think that the number of immigrants in Canada will continue to rise because Canada will continue to let in people that will help improve the country's economy and there will be more economy immigrants than family immigrants. According to the chart at the top right from CIC as the years progress more of Canada's immigrants are economic. In 2050 I predict that origins of immigrants will change, instead of 56.9% coming from Asia I think that immigrants will mostly come from Africa and Asia since Africa and Asia have a lot of developing countries. Developing countries don`t have great education and health care systems, many jobs opportunities and, or stable governments which are big push factors. While Canada will have a lot of pull factors that will make these people from developing countries want to immigrate to Canada. Canada has and will have greater education and health systems, stable government, and Canada also is a country with many job opportunities, also Canada`s environment is clean and safer for families. In 2050 I predict that immigrants will continue to settle in Toronto, Vancouver or Montreal. I think this because these are all urban cities where there are more job opportunities, people who are immigrating don’t like to move to rural areas because it’s harder for them to start over. Also these 3 cities are very multi-cultural and it will make it easier for immigrants to have something that is familiar to them in a new country. As well the climate in Vancouver is not as harsh as it is in other places in Canada, so it will be easier for people who are not used to the cold to live in a place like Vancouver (Canwest News Service).

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Canada's First People

According to Statistics Canada’s “National Household Survey” (NHS) in 2011 there were reportedly 851 860 first Nation people living in Canada, which is less than 1% of Canada’s total population. Of these 851 860 of the people 49.3% were living on reserves. But many of these reserves are packed and broken down since the people living in these reserves don’t have the money to fix up their homes and the government is not very concerned with them. Not only is it their homes that first nations have difficulties with but it’s everything in their lives. Canada’s first nations people live in 3rd world like conditions, kids don’t have great education, jobs are very hard to find, many first nations don’t have homes, some don’t even have fresh water, not only that but they also face unfair judgement and care from the government. The picture on the right shows first nations people protesting for educational rights in Ottawa. These requsest were heard and recently the government has stepped in and is trying to help the future of these people by creating a 5 year plan to deal with all of the problems they are having (CTV News). So I predict that in 2050 the first nation’s people of Canada might have a greater future where they have equal respect and care as every other Canadian living in this country. But this will only happen if the Canadian government continues on a path where they help the first nation’s people not only to preserve and continue their heritage but also to rebuild their lives, giving the children a better education and childhood so that there will be a future for the first nations people.
I chose to include this video to show some of the difficulties first nations people are struggling with. A large percent of Canada's first nations people are living in poverty, this makes it really hard for many of these people to live. In this video a United Nations Indigenous rights investigator says that he visited a reserve where there was a suicide a week. Life is really hard for people who live in poverty and that's why many chose to kill themselves.

cindyi3

My Life in 2050 by cindyi3

Conclusion

Basically I think Canada's population will continue to grow, because people will live longer but they will have smaller families. Canada will continue to invite immigrants to help our economy. But most importantly Canada's first nations people will gain more rights and there will be improvements made to their education systems. In the year 2050 Canada will still look like what it is today but it will have improved from a few errors of today.

Works Sited

"CBC Digital Archives - Chinese Immigration to Canada: A Tale of Perseverance - Chinese Immigration to Canada: A Tale of Perseverance." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/society/immigration/chinese-immigration-to-canada-a-tale-of-perseverance/topic---chinese-immigration-to-canada-a-tale-of-perseverance.html>.


Commisso, Christina. "Canada Faces a 'crisis' on Aboriginal Reserves: UN Investigator." CTVNews. N.p., 15 Oct. 2013.Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/canada-faces-a-crisis-on-aboriginal-reserves-un-

investigator-1.1497612>.


"Immigrants Overwhelmingly Choose to Settle in Canada's Largest Cities." Immigrants Overwhelmingly Choose to Settle in Canada's Largest Cities. Canwest News Service, 4 Dec. 2007. Web. 12 Mar. 2014. <http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/story.html?id=d43a82ea-2350-4190-b837-27b1996a5d47>.


"Learning - Educational Attainment." / Indicators of Well-being in Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014. <http://www4.hrsdc.gc.ca/.3ndic.1t.4r%40-eng.jsp?iid=29>.


"Quarterly Administrative Data Release." Government Du Canada, Citoyenneté EtImmigration Canada, Communications. CIC, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/resources/statistics/data-release/2013-Q2/index.asp>


"Population by Year, by Province and Territory (Number)." Government of Canada, Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada, 1 July 2013. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo02a-eng.htm>.


"Report Calls for 5-year Plan to Address Issues Facing First Nations Youth." CTVNews. The CanadianPress, 24 Feb. 2014. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/report-calls-for-5-\year-plan-to-address-issues-facing-first-nations-youth-1.1701343>.


"UN Investigator Visits Manitoba Reserve Where Some Homes Lack Running Water." CTVNews.N.p., 12 Oct. 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/un-


"Table 3Distribution of First Nations People, First Nations People with and without Registered Indian Status, and First Nations People with Registered Indian Status Living on or off Reserve, Canada,Provinces and Territories, 2011." Table 3 Distribution of First Nations People, First NationsPeople with and without Registered Indian Status, and First Nations People with RegisteredIndian Status Living on or off Reserve, Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011. N.p., 24 Mar. 2013. Web. 27 Feb. 2014. <http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/as-sa/99-011-x/2011001/tbl/tbl03-eng.cfm>.


"The World Bank." Health, Nutrition Population Statistics, World Bank. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <http://datatopics.worldbank.org/hnp/popestimates>


"World Development Indicators-Google Public Data Explorer." World Development Indicators-Google Public Data Explorer. N.p., 10 Jan. 2014. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. <https://www.google.ca/publicdata/explore?ds=d5bncppjof8f9_&ctype=l&strail=false&bcs=d&nselm=h&met_y=sp_dyn_tfrt_in&scale_y=lin&ind_y=false&rdim=region&idim=country:CAN:USA&ifdim=region&tstart=-309553200000&tend=1362974400000&hl=en&dl=en&ind=false&icfg>.