What Canada Will Look like in 2050
In 2013 Canada’s total population was 35,158.3 thousand people, 50.4% of the population was females. (Statistics Canada) The current birth rate is 1.63 births per woman (Google Public Data Explorer), the estimated amount of deaths in 2013 was 253,241(Statistics Canada). “In 2012, about 53.6% of Canadians aged 15 and over had trade certificates, college diplomas and university degrees. This was an increase of 20.9 percentage points since 1990” (Learning - Educational Attainment). As the years progress people are become more educated and are deciding to continue with their education post-secondary. This means that if people are choosing to continue to go to school, then they will most likely chose to have a family later on in life. This will affect the birth rate since the older they are harder it is for women to have kids. In 2050 I think people will live longer lives and there will be lower death rates because of the advancements in technology and our knowledge about things. However I think that the birth rate will stay the same at about 1.63 (Google Public Data Explorer) because as people become more educated, they realise that they don’t want or need as many kids as people 50 or 100 years ago did. So they average family size in 2050 will be 4 people, 2 parents and 2 kids. In 2050 I predict that the natural increase rate will increase as shown in the graph on the right. Even though the number of kids being born more or less stays the same, the death rate is decreasing. So instead of dying those people will live longer and contribute to the total population. The graph shows that the number of people ages 0-14 stay the same starting at the year 2000, while the number of people who are 15-64 and the number of people who are 65+ are increasing, therefore having an overall population increase.
Last year there were a total of 132,781 permanent immigrant residents, of the 132,781 immigrants 44,581 were family class, 74,183 economic immigrants, 10,291 refugees and 3,726 were other immigrants (CIC). As the graph below shows, the majority of Canada's immigrants came from Asia, the second most places or origin is Europe. Compared to 1971 when 78.3% of Canada's immigrants came from Europe. The reason why there is a big difference in the number of immigrants from Asia in 1971 and today is the points system changed in 1967, also since many Chinese men immigrated to Canada in the 1800s, they later had to sponsor their families to Canada as well (CBC Digital Archives). In 2050 I think that the number of immigrants in Canada will continue to rise because Canada will continue to let in people that will help improve the country's economy and there will be more economy immigrants than family immigrants. According to the chart at the top right from CIC as the years progress more of Canada's immigrants are economic. In 2050 I predict that origins of immigrants will change, instead of 56.9% coming from Asia I think that immigrants will mostly come from Africa and Asia since Africa and Asia have a lot of developing countries. Developing countries don`t have great education and health care systems, many jobs opportunities and, or stable governments which are big push factors. While Canada will have a lot of pull factors that will make these people from developing countries want to immigrate to Canada. Canada has and will have greater education and health systems, stable government, and Canada also is a country with many job opportunities, also Canada`s environment is clean and safer for families. In 2050 I predict that immigrants will continue to settle in Toronto, Vancouver or Montreal. I think this because these are all urban cities where there are more job opportunities, people who are immigrating don’t like to move to rural areas because it’s harder for them to start over. Also these 3 cities are very multi-cultural and it will make it easier for immigrants to have something that is familiar to them in a new country. As well the climate in Vancouver is not as harsh as it is in other places in Canada, so it will be easier for people who are not used to the cold to live in a place like Vancouver (Canwest News Service).
Canada's First People
My Life in 2050 by cindyi3
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