The American Revolution

Battle of Saratoga

The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the American Revolution. Britain had tried to march their soldiers down to New York, and the colonies had the same idea. During the trip there, American soldiers tormented the British and shot many of their soldiers as they hid in forest trees. Many British were captured by American soldiers as well, which weakened their army. When the days of the battle began, many British were killed, resulting in about six hundred deaths. This made the British retreat and allowed America to win. France noted this and would be open to aid America with military forces later.

George Washington

George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the American Army, served as a brilliant leader during the American Revolution. Britain had lost the Battle of Trenton because Washington surprised their soldiers. Tactics like so are what helped America's soldiers to stay unified and survive during the war. George Washington knew when it was best to surrender or lose a battle, but this did not mean that he lost the war. In the Battle of Yorktown, Americans finally won their freedom with most of the credit due to Washington for commanding his troops in the right direction.

John Locke

Locke was the most influential philosopher of the Enlightenment movement. He had many ideas that supported self government in America. These proposals were so popular that they inspired Thomas Jefferson, who took some of Locke's beliefs and put them in the Declaration of Independence. John had an impact on the American Revolution because he helped others understand that the colonies should be free from Britain. Without Locke, colonists would not have the same motives on why the colonies should be independent from Britain.

Battle of Yorktown

The Battle of Yorktown was the closing battle in the American Revolution. America and France teamed up against to fight the British. Both America and France had roughly 18,000 troops altogether, while Britain only had a mere 8000. The former forces enclosed the British in Yorktown, and attacked them for eleven days. Charles Cornwallis, general of the British army, decided that his army would not stand a chance to the opposing forces. He raised a white flag and created peace with America. This battle lead to American independence from Britain.

Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 prevented the Colonies from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. This document was created because after the Seven Years War, Britain lost large amounts of money. Although Britain gained plenty of land from the French, they had British soldiers still residing in the colonies, and war debt. To prevent spending even more money, Britain wanted to leave the natives' land alone. They thought this would satisfy them and prevent attacks from the Indians. This law was not followed, and many people moved west.

Lexington and Concord

The small battle of Lexington is only significant due to it being the first battle of the American Revolution. This battle was between the colonies' militiamen, or men called in for war in cases of emergency, and British soldiers. During the battle, neither sides fired immediately because they were not expecting to attack each other. An anonymous shot was fired, which caused confused British soldiers to shoot at the colonists. Some colonists were killed in the incident, but the rest had escaped.

The British went to Concord, and intended to steal the colonies' weapons. The colonists watched them, and as they did more militia joined them, increasing their forces. Eventually, the number of colonists grew enough that they were confidant enough to meet up with the British soldiers again. The British realized how much bigger their armed forces were and decided to retreat. The British set off to march down to Boston, but during the retreat, colonists continued to fire and kill their soldiers.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770 was the day of the Boston Massacre. Despite its name, this event only killed five people, one being Crispus Attucks, a former slave. At the Custom House in Boston, several British soldiers and colonists were arguing. The colonists threw snowballs and sticks at the British soldiers, which increased anger on both sides. More British soldiers went to the site to try and regain peace, but this only made matters worse. An object thrown from the crowd had hit a soldier, and in retaliation, he towards the colonists. A few more gunshots followed from other soldiers, which killed three colonists instantly and wounded two others, who eventually passed on from their injuries.

Boston Tea Party

December 17, 1773 was prominent to both the colonies and Britain because it was an event that led to the American Revolution. Britain put high taxes on tea, which was a staple to the colonies. This angered the colonists because they felt that this was unjust. To protest, a group called the Sons of Liberty sought justice. The group dressed up as Indians, and proceeded to ascend ships in Boston Harbor. Nearly 90,000 pounds of tea was thrown overboard.