Hepatitis B

Most Wanted Virus

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B (HBV) is a spherical virus that affects the liver.Contracting HBV can cause cirrhosis of the liver, jaundice ,nausea and vomiting, and joint pain.

The Origins of Hepatitis B

Paleontologists have discovered HBV in prehistoric bird genomes, dating the origin 63 million years than what was first predicted.

How you get infected

An organism can get infected with Hepatitis B (HBV) when they...

  • Share needles (used for injecting drugs) with an infected person.
  • Get a tattoo or piercing with tools that weren't sterilized.
  • Share personal items like razors or toothbrushes with an infected person.


Most newborn children get Hepatitis B during birth from their parents. Native Africans have the highest number of cases reported.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B

Symptoms of hepatitis B may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark urine
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)


Hepatitis B can be treated by antiviral medications or a liver transplant. Some prevention techniques that you can do is to make sure that a tattoo needle or a syringe is cleaned properly before use, ask your sexual partner, and get a vaccination.

David Bilotta


January 9, 2015

Biology I