Rudolf Dreikurs

By: Jordan Shelledy

Background Information

Born February 8th, 1897 - Died May 25th, 1972

Vienna, Austria-Hungary - Chicago, Illinois

He emigrated to the United States in 1937


Field Studied - Psychiatry

Known for Individual psychology

Biggest Influence - Alfred Alder

His primary focus was on pre-adolescents, and he reasoned that their problem behavior resulted from feelings of lack of significance in their social group

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Alfred Alder impact

Rudolf Dreikurs was Alfred Alder's close colleague and student. Upon Adler's death in 1939, Dreikurs completed Adler's lecture tour in Scotland. Dreikurs then began his own mission to promote Adler's individual psychology through lectures in prisons, schools, and health care settings.

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Theory

That human misbehavior is the result of feeling a lack of belonging to one's social group. When this happens the child acts from one of four "mistaken goals": undue attention, power, revenge or avoidance (inadequacy).

The 4 goals that motivate childen's misbehavior

1. Getting Attention

2. Power and Control

3. Get Revenge

4. Helplessness

Praise Vs Encouragement

Praise
1) Praise is a reward given for a completed achiement
2) Praise tells students they have satisfied the demands of others
3) Praise is patronizing. The person who praises has a superior position.
4) Praise stimulates competition
5) Praise stimulates selfishness


Encouragement
1) Encouragement is a acknowledgement of an effort
2) Encouragement helps students evaluate their own performance
3) Encouragement is a message between equals.
4) Encouragement stimulates cooperation
5) Encourag. stimulates helpfulness

How does a teacher understand the goal of the misbehaving child?

- If the teacher feels annoyed, then the child’s goal is attention getting.
  • - If the teacher feels beaten or intimidated, then the child’s goal is power.

  • - If the teacher feels hurt, then the child’s goal is revenge.

  • - If the teacher feels incapable, then the child’s goal is helplessness.Preventing discipline problems:

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    Works Cited

    "The Social Discipline Model of Rudolf Dreikurs." The Social Discipline Model of Rudolf Dreikurs. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.


    The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Rudolf Dreikurs." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.


    "Rudolf+dreikurs - Google Search." Rudolf+dreikurs - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.


    Rudolf Dreikurs." - New World Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016