Vietnam War

Longest US War

Terms

Cold War- Non violent war between Communist Russia and the US.

Containment- The US trying to prevent the spread of communism

DMZ- Demilitarized zones

Domino Theory- Theory that if we let one nation fall to communism more will

Draft- Forcing American citizens to participate in the war

General Westmoreland- Commander of us army at the peak of the Vietnam war

Ho Chi Minh- Leader of North Vietnam, Communist

My Lai Massacre- Massacre of vietnamese village by american troops

National Liberation Front- AKA Vietcong, helped North take control of South

Pentagon papers- Papers that led people to know that the Us enlarged the scale of the war and bombed not only Vietnam but surrounding countries.

Ngo Dinh Diem- Leader of south Vietnam, Non Communist

Tet offensive- Surprise military attacks led by North Vietnam and Vietcong.

Viet Cong- people in south Vietnam, that were pro communist

Vietnamization- Policy by Nixon to end the US involvement in the Vietnam war

War Begins

The north Vietmaniese army attacked the united states army in the gulf of Tonkin. Lyndon B Johnson the president asked congress for a resolution to send troops into Vietnam, this became known as the Tonkin resolution. This impacted the US by basically starting the Vietnam war.

Time Line 10 events

1945: Ho Chi Minh Creates Provisional Government, and Declares Independence of Vietnam.

1946: French and Vietminh Reach Accord France recognizes Vietnam as a "free state" within the French Union. French troops replace Chinese in the North.

1947: Valluy Fails to Defeat Vietminh French General Etienne Valluy attempts, and fails, to wipe out the Vietminh in one stroke.

1950: US Pledges $15M to Aid French: The United States sends $15 million dollars in military aid to the French for the war in Indochina. Included in the aid package is a military mission and military advisors.

1954: Battle of Dienbienphu Begins.

1964: Gulf of Tonkin incident, Us sends military forces to Vietnam.

January 1968: North vietnamese forces launch the TET offensive.

February 1968: Hundreds of vietnamese were killed in the My Lai massacre.

1972: Secret Peace talks with vietnamese leaders take place, and President Nixon pulls 70,000 troops out of Vietnam.

1973: Last of American troops leave Vietnam and a cease fire is signed in Paris, ending the Vietnam War.

Oral History - Veterans

Ralph E. Gragg was an engineer in the Vietnam and Korean war. In the Vietnam war he was stationed in Cameroon Bay. He claimed that Vietnam was like a desert, and that movies did not do a good job portraying it. When asked what he learned out of being in both wars he said he learned how to get along with other people the most, and to back them up.

Songs of the Vietnam War

1. Revolution

2. Signs

3. Woodstock

4. People got to be Free

5. Get Together

6. Draft Dodger Rag

7. Give Peace a chance

8. Times are a changing'

9. Blowin' in the Wind

10. It better end soon

Villians or Heros

I feel like it depends on what each American did alone that defines them as a hero or a villain in this situation. The Americans that did not want any part in the massacre, that stood up and told them not to shoot innocent people should be recognized as heroes. The Men who have been proved to massacre innocents out of rage should be recognized as villains and properly be disciplined. It is a tough call either way because of the threat of the vietcong being present so some soldiers may have been scared and retaliated out of fear. I think we are neither villains or heroes in the Massacre of My Lai.