Health Partner Pathways

March Edition

Welcome to the HPWP!

If you are new to HPWP, welcome aboard! If you are returning from last year, welcome back! HPWP’s primary goals are to save you money and assist you on your journey to becoming healthier! You may have already adopted healthy choices and our program will keep you on track. Or you may desire some guidance and accountability as you set health goals to achieve well-being. Whatever the case may be, your HPWP coaches are here to offer assistance.

Featured Condition: High Cholesterol

Hyperlipidemia (High Cholesterol) is a condition where there is an excess of waxy substance: cholesterol in the blood and it builds up in the artery walls. Over time, this buildup causes “hard­ening of the arteries” so that arteries become nar­rowed and blood flow to the heart becomes slowed down or blocked. This may cause chest pain or even a heart attack. Please note that the body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help digest foods. The body makes all the cholesterol it needs. However, cholesterol also is found in some of the foods you eat.

In order to define hyperlipidemia, an understanding of the entire lipid profile must be addressed. There are four types of lipids evaluated during a blood test called a fasting lipoprotein profile which will give information about: Cholesterol travels through your bloodstream in small packages called lipoproteins. These packages are made of fat (lipid) on the inside and proteins on the outside.

1. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL, or “bad”) cholesterol carries the cholesterol to blood vessels, clogging them and causing blockages. This is why LDL cholesterol is often called the "bad" cholesterol.

2. High-density lipoprotein (HDL, or “good”) cholesterol— removes fat and cholesterol deposited by the LDL and transports it to the liver which helps keep blockages from forming. High levels of HDL cholesterol decrease risks of heart disease.

3. Triglycerides - type of fat in the blood and are also a source of energy. They come from food and are made in the body as well. When too many calories are eaten, alcohol consumed or smoke, the human body makes more triglycerides. High levels of triglycerides cause an increased risk of heart disease.

4. Total cholesterol- is calculated as HDL+LDL + 20% of the triglyceride level.

The chart below provides recommended lab values for a cholesterol panel.

Total Cholesterol

Less than 200 mg/dL


LDL

Less than 100 mg/dL


HDL

60 mg/dL or higher


Triglycerides

Less than 150 mg/dL